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ABUMRAD, N.N., MORSE, E.L., LOCHS, H., WILLIAMS, P.E., ADIBI, S.A.: Possible sources of glutamine for parenteral nutrition: impact on glutamine metabolism. Am. J. Physiol., 257 (Endocrinol. Metab., 20), E228-E234 (1989).

AXTON, J.H.M.: Measles: a protein-losing enteropathy. Br. Med. J., 3, 79-80 (1975).

BAKER, S.J.: Tropical sprue. Br. Med. Bull., 28, 87-91(1972).

BAYLESS, T.M., SWANSON, V.L., WHEBY, M.S.: Jejunal histology and clinical status in tropical sprue end other chronic diarrhea! disorders. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 24, 112-116 (1971).

BEISEL, W.R.: Interrelated changes in host metabolism during generalized infectious illness. Am J. Clin. Nutr., 25, 1254-1260 (1972).

BEISEL, W.R.: Metabolic response to infection. Annul Rev. Med., 26, 9-20 (1975).

BEISEL, W.R.: Magnitude of the host nutritional response to infection. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 30, 1236-1247 (1977).

BEISEL, W.R., SAWYER, W.D., RYLL, E.D., CROZIER, D.: Metabolic effects of intracellular infections in man. Ann. Intern. Med., 67, 744-779 (1967).

BEISEL, W.R., WANNEMACHER, R.W.: Gluconeogenesis, ureagenesis, and ketogenesis during sepsis. J. Parenter. Enteral. Nutr., 4, 277-285 (1980).

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DOSSETOR, J.F.B., WHITTLE, H.C.: Protein-losing enteropathy and malabsorption in acute measles enteritis. Br. Med. J., 2, 592 (1975).

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DuBOIS, E.F:: The Mechanism of Heat Loss and Temperature Regulation. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 1937.

FLORES, E.A., BISTRIAN, B.R., POMPOSELLI, J.J., DINARELLO, C.A., BLACKBURN, G.L., BISTRIAN, B.R.: Infusion of tumor necrosis factor 1 cachectin promotes muscle catabolism in the rat. J. Clin. Invest, 93, 1614-1622 (1989).

FURST, P., AALBERS, S., SEHLE, P.: Stress-induced intracellular glutamine depletion. Contr. Infusion Ther. Clin. Nutr., 17, 117-136 (1987).

GANDRA, Y.R., SCRIMSHAW, N.S.: Infection and nutritional status. II. Effect of mild virus infection induced by 17-D yellow fever vaccine on nitrogen metabolism in children. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 9, 159-163 (1961).

GHITIS, J., TRIPATHY, K., MAYORAL, G.: Malabsorption in the tropics. II. Tropical sprue versus primary protein malnutrition: vitamin B12 and folic acid studies. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 20, 1206-1211 (1967).

GORBACH, S.L., BANWELL, J.G., JACOBS, B., CHATTERJEE, B.D., MITRA, R., GUHA MAZUMDER, D.N.: Tropical sprue and malnutrition in West Bengal. I. Intestinal microflora and absorption. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 23, 1545-1558 (1970).

HAMMARQVIST, P., WERNERMAN, J., ALI, R., VON DER DECKEN, A., VINNARS, E.: Addition of glutamine to total parenteral nutrition after elective abdominal surgery spares free glutamine in muscle, counteracts the fall in muscle protein synthesis, and improves nitrogen balance. Ann. Surg., 209, 455-461 (1989).

HOYLE, B., YUNUS, M., CHEN, L.C.: Breast feeding and food intake among children with acute diarrhoeal disease. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 33, 2365-2371 (1980).

HUANG, C.M., RUDDEL, M., ELIN, R.J.: Nutritional status of patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Clin. Chem., 34, 1957-1959 (1988).

JEPSON, M.M., BATES, P.C., BROADBENT, P., PELL, J.M., MILLWARD, D.J.: Relationship between glutamine concentration and protein synthesis in rat skeletal muscle. Am. J. Physiol., 255, (Endocrinol. Metab., 18), E166-E172 (1988).

KEUSCH, G.T.: Subclinical malabsorption in Thailand. 1. Intestinal malabsorption in developing countries. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 25, 1062 (1972).

KEUSCH, G.T., FARTHING, M.J.G.: Nutrition and infection. Annul Rev. Nutr., 6, 131-154 (1986).

KEUSCH, G.T., PLAUT, A.G., TRONCALE, F.J.: The interpretation and significance of the xylose tolerance test in the tropics. J. Lab. Clin. Med., 75, 558 (1970).

KLEIN, S., SINES, J., BLACKBURN, G.L.: Total parenteral nutrition and cancer clinical trials. Cancer, 58, 1378-1386 (1986).

KLIPSTEIN, F.A., FALAIYE, J.M.: Tropical sprue in expatriates from the tropics living in the continental United States. Medicine, 48, 475-491 (1969).

KLIPSTEIN, F.A., SAMLOFF, I.M., SMARTH, G., SCHENK, E.A.: Malabsorption and malnutrition in rural Haiti. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 21, 1042 (1968).

KOTLER, D.P., TIERNEY, A. R., CULPEPPER-MORGAN, J.A., WANG, J., PIERSON, R.N.: Effect of home total parenteral nutrition on body composition in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. JPEN, 14, 454-458 (1990).

KOTLER, D.R, TIERNEY, A.R., FERRARO, R., CUFF, P., WANG, J., PIERSON, R.N., HEYMSFIELD, S.B.: Enteral alimentation and repletion of body cell mass in malnourished patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 53, 149-154 (1991).

LACEY, J.M., WILMORE, D.W.: Is glutamine a conditionally essential amino acid? Nutr. Rev., 48, 297-309 (1990).

LINDENBAUM, J., GERSON, C.D., KENT, T.H.: The recovery of small intestinal structure and function after residence in the tropics. 1. Studies in Peace Corps volunteers. Ann. Inter. Med., 742, 218 (1971).

LINDENBAUM, J., HARMON, J.W., GERSON, C.D.: Subclinical malabsorption in developing countries. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 25, 1056-1061 (1972).

LUGO-DE-RIVERA, C., RODRIGUEZ, H., TORRES-PINEDO, R.: Studies on the mechanism of sugar malabsorption in infantile infectious diarrhea. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 25, 1248-1253 (1972).

MARTORELL, R., YARBROUGH, C.: The energy cost of diarrhea! diseases and other common illnesses in children. In: Diarrhea and Malnutrition, pp. 125-142, L.D. CHEN, N.S. SCRIMSHAW (Eds.). Plenum Press, New York and London, 1983.

MARTORELL, R., RIVERA, J., LUTTER, C.K.: Interaction of diet and disease in child growth. In: Breastfeeding, Nutrition, Infection and Infant Growth in Developing and Emerging Countries, pp. 307-321, S.A. ATKINSON, L.A., HANSON, R.K. CHANDRA (Eds.). ARTS Biochemical Publications and Distributors, St. John's, New Foundland, Canada, 1990.

MATA, L., KROMAL, R.A., URRUTIA, J.J., GARCIA, B.: Effect of infection on food intake and the nutritional state: Perspectives as viewed from the village. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 30, 1215-1227 (1977).

MAYORAL, L.G., TRIPATHY, K., GARCIA, F.T., KLAHR, S., BOLANOS, O., GHITIS, J.: Malabsorption in the tropics: a second look. I. The role of protein malnutrition. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 20, 866-883 (1967).

MOLLA, A., MOLLA, A.M., RAHIM, A., SARKER, S.A., MOZAFFAR, Z., RAHAMAN, W.: Intake and absorption of nutrients in children with cholera and rotavirus infection during diarrhoea and after recovery. Nutr. Res., 2, 232-242 (1982).

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NAYLOR, C.D., O'ROURKE, K., DETSKY, A., BAKER, S.P.: Parenteral nutrition with branched chain amino acids in hepatic encephalopathy. Gastroenterology, 97, 1033-1042 (1989).

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RAHAMAN, M.M., WAHED, M.A.: Direct nutrient loss and diarrhea. In: Diarrhea and Malnutrition: Interactions, Mechanisms, and Interventions, pp. 155-160, L.C. CHEN, N.S. SCRIMSHAW (Eds.). Plenum Press, New York and London, 1983.

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ROSENBERG, 1., SOLOMONS, N.W., SCHNEIDER, R.E.: Malabsorption associated with diarrhea and intestinal infections. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 30, 1248-1253 (1977).

SARKER, S.A., WAHED, M.A., RAHAMAN, M.M., ALAM, A.N., ISLAM, A., JAHAN, E: Persistent protein losing enteropathy in post measles diarrhoea. Arch. Dis. Child., 61, 739-743 (1986).

SCRIMSHAW, N.S.: Energy cost of communicable diseases in infancy and childhood. In: Activity, Energy Expenditure and Energy Requirements of Infants and Children, pp. 215-238, B. SCHÜRCH, N.S. SCRIMSHAW (Eds.). IDECG, c/o Nestlé Foundation, Lausanne, Switzerland, 1990.

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STREAT, S.J., BEDDOE, A.H., HILL, G.L.: Aggressive nutritional support does not prevent protein loss despite fat gain in septic intensive care patients. J. Trauma, 27, 262-266 (1987).

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WANNEMACHER, R.W.: Key role of various individual amino acids in host response to infection. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 30, 1269-1280 (1977).

WEISDORF, S., LYSNE, J., WIND, D., HAAKE, R.J., SHARP, H.L., GOLDMAN, A. et al.: Positive effect of prophylactic total parenteral nutrition on long-term outcome of bone marrow transplantations. Transplantation, 43, 833-838 (1987).

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