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The crisis in African agriculture - Studies in African political economy

Table of Contents

Mohamed Lamine Gakou

The United Nations University
Zed Books Ltd.
London and New Jersey


General Editor: Samir Amin

The United Nations University's Project on Transnationalization or Nation-Building in Africa (1982- 1986) was undertaken by a network of African scholars under the co-ordination of Samir Amin. The purpose of the Project was to study the possibilities of and constraints on national autocentric development of African countries in the context of the world-system into which they have been integrated. Since the 1970s the world-system has been in a crisis of a severity and complexity unprecedented since the end of the Second World War; the Project examines the impact of this contemporary crisis on the political. economic and cultural situation of Africa today. Focusing on the complex relationship between transnationalization (namely. the dynamics of the world-system) and nation-building. which is seen as a precondition for national development. the Project explores a wide range of problems besetting Africa today and outlines possible alternatives to the prevailing development models which have proved to be inadequate


M. L. Gakou
The Crisis in African Agriculture

Peter Anyang' Nyong'o (editor)
Popular Struggles for Democracy in Africa

Samir Amin, Derrick Chitala, Ibbo Mandaza (editors)
SADCC: Prospects for Disengagement and Development in Southern Africa

Faysal Yachir
The World Steel Industry: Dynamics of Decline

Other titles in preparation.

The Crisis in African Agriculture was first published in 1987


Zed Books Ltd., 57 Caledonian Road, London N1 9BU, UK, and
171 First Avenue, Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey 07716, USA


The United Nations University, Toho Semei Building, 15-1 Shibuya 2-chome, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150, Japan in cooperation with

The Third World Forum, B.P. 3501, Dakar, Senegal.

Copyright The United Nations University, 1987.

Translation copyright Third World Forum, 1987.
Translated by A. M. Berrett.

Cover designed by Andrew Corbett.
Typeset by Composer Typesetting, Bath, Avon.
Printed and bound in the United Kingdom at The Bath Press, Avon.

All rights reserved.

British Library Cataloguing In Publication Data

Gakou, Mohammed Lamine
The crisis in African agriculture. -
(Studies in African political economy).
I. Food supply - Political aspects - Africa
I. Title II. United Nations. University
III. Series IV. La crise de l'agriculture
Africaine. English
338.1'9'6 HD9017.A2
ISBN 0-86232-732-6
ISBN 0-86232-733-4 Pbk


Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Yachir, F.
Mining in Africa today.

(Studies in African political economy)
Translation of: Enjeux miniers en Afrique.
1. Mineral industries - Africa. 2. Mines and mineral resources - Africa.
I. Title. II. Series.
HD9506.A382Y3413 1988 338.2'096 88-17166
ISBN 0-86232-738-5
ISBN 0-86232-739-3 (pbk.)






1: The performance of African agriculture, 1950-1980

Basic data and broad trends
Agricultural situation

2: Precolonial African societies

3: The appropriation of peasant surplus labour

4: The export-oriented system

5: The second post-independence decade: The food crisis

Smallholder development projects
The basic needs strategy
Agrarian reform
More credit facilities
Water supply
The basic needs strategy in the current capitalist crisis

6: Forms of control

7: The alternative and its prerequisites

Evolution of social stratification in the African states which achieved independence in the 1960s
What popular alliance for the alternative?
What national popular programme might the popular alliance propose?
The rural areas
The urban areas
Organizing the suggestions


Appendix: Complaints of the rice-growers of San (Mali)

Report on the alarming situation in field B of San-West

Selected bibliography