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Amano, Akihiro (ed.) (1992) Global Warming and Economic Growth. CGER-I1001-92. Centre for Global Environmental Research, Tokyo (in Japanese).

Arensberg, Walter (1991) Country environmental studies: A framework for action. In Denizhan Erocal (ed.), Environmental Management in Developing Countries, pp. 275-296. Paris: OECD Development Centre.

Aylward, T., J. Echeverria, L. Fendt, and E. B. Barbier (1993) The Economic Value of Species Information and Its Role in Biodiversity Convention: Case Studies of Costa Rica's National Biodiversity Institute and Pharmaceutical Prospecting. A report to the Swedish International Development Authority. London: Environmental Economics Centre.

Barbier, E. B., J. C. Burges, and C. Folke (1994) Paradise Lost? Ecological Economics of Biodiversity. London: Earthscan.

Barbier, E. B. and M. Rauscher (1994) Trade, tropical deforestation and policy interventions. Environmental and Resource Economics 4(1): 75-94.

Barrett, Scott (1990) The problem of global environmental protection. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 6: 68-79.
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Bertrand, Maurice (1987) The role of the United Nations in the economic and social field. Journal of Development Planning, no. 17.
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Bhalla, Ajit S. (1995) Facing the Technological Challenge: Essays on Third World Perspective. London: Macmillan (esp. Chapter 3: "Concept and practice of technology blending").

Churchill, Anthony A. (1993) The developing world: The new energy consumer. Paper presented at the United Nations University Conference on Global Environment, Energy and Economic Development, Tokyo, 25-27 October.

Cline, William R. (1992) The Economics of Global Warming, Washington D.C.: Institute for International Economics.
- (1993) Modelling economically efficient abatement of greenhouse gases. Paper submitted to the United Nations University Conference on Global Environment, Energy and Economic Development, Tokyo, 25--27 October.

Cooper, Richard N. (1994) Environment and Resource Policies for the World Economy. Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institution.

Dean, Andrew and Peter Hoeller (1992) Cost of Reducing CO2 Emissions: Evidence from Six Global Models. OECD Economic Department Working Papers No. 122. Paris: OECD.

Drake, William J. and Kalypso Nicola´dis (1992) Ideas, interests and institutionalization: "Trade in services" and the Uruguay Round. International Organization 46(1): 37-100.

Edmonds, J. and J. Reilly (1983) Global energy and CO2 to the year 2050. Energy Journal 4: 21-47.

Erocal, Denizhan (ed.) (1991) Environmental Management in Developing Countries. Paris: OECD Development Centre.

Farvar, M. Taghi and John P. Milton (1972) The Careless Technology: Ecology and international Development. New York: Natural History Press.

Ferriter, John P. (1993) Effects of CO2 reduction policies on energy markets. OECD/ IEA paper presented at the United Nations University Conference on the Global Environment, Energy and Economic Development, Tokyo, 25-27 October.

Gleckman, Harris (1995) Transnational corporations' strategic responses to sustainable development. In: Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Green Globe Yearbook 1995, pp. 93-106. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Goldsmith, Arthur A. (1992) Institutions and planned socioeconomic change: Four approaches. Public Administration Review 52(6): 582-587.

Grainger, A. (1988) Estimating areas of degraded tropical lands requiring replenishment of forest cover. International Treecrops Journal 5 (1- 2).

Haas, Peter M. (1990) Saving the Mediterranean: The Politics of International Environmental Cooperation. New York: Columbia University Press.
- (1992) Introduction: Epistemic communities and international policy coordination. International Organization 46(1).

Haas, Peter and Jan Sundgren (1993) Evolving international environmental law: Changing practices of national sovereignty. In Nazli Choucri (ed.), Global Accord: Environmental Challenges and International Responses, chap. 12. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Haas, Peter M., Robert O. Keohane, and Marc A. Levy (eds.) (1993) Institutions for the Earth: Sources for Effective International Environmental Protection. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Hardin, Garret (1968) The tragedy of the commons. Science 163, 13 December.

Herter, Jr., Christian A. and Jill E. Binder (1993) The Role of the Secretariat in Multilateral Negotiation: The Case of Maurice Strong and the 1972 UN Conference on the Human Environment. FPI Case Studies No. 21, SAIS. Washington D.C.: Johns Hopkins University.

ILO (International Labour Organization) (1984) Blending of New and Traditional Technologies: A Portfolio of Experiment and Projects. Document submitted to the 4th session of the UN Advisory Committee on Science and Technology for Development, New York, February 1984. Geneva: ILO, January.

Johansson, T. B., A. K. N. Reddy, and R. H. Williams (eds.) (1992) Renewable Energy: Sources for Fuel and Electricity. Washington D.C.: Island Press.

Kakizaki, F., K. Matsubara, and K. Gonda (1994) A study on the policy for the development and diffusion of "social science and technology." Report presented at the Annual Conference of the Japan Society for Science Policy and Research Management (Session 2C7), Tokyo, 29-30 October (in Japanese).

King, Ken (1993) The incremental Costs of Global Environmental Benefits. Global Environment Facility Working Paper No.5. Washington D.C.: GEF Administrator.

Manne, Alan S. and Richard G. Richels (1992) Buying Greenhouse Insurance: The Economic Case of CO2 Emissions Limits. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Matsuoka, Y. and T. Morita (1992) Models for forecasting global warming. Keisoku to Seigyo [Measurement and Control], 31(5): 577-585 (in Japanese).

Mathews, J. T. (1989) Redefining security. Foreign Affairs 68 (Spring): 162-177.

Nordhaus, William D. (1992) An optimal transition path for controlling greenhouse gases. Science 258, 20 November.

OECD (1991) Environmental Policy: How to Apply Economic lnstruments. Paris: OECD.
- (1993a) Taxation and Environment: Complementary Policies. Paris: OECD.
- (1993b) Taxation and Environment: Four Case Studies. Paris: OECD.

Olson, Mancur (1965) The Logic of Collective Action. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Oye, Kenneth A. and James H. Maxwell (1995) Self-interest and environmental management. In: Robert O. Keohane and Elinor Ostrom (eds.), Local Commons and Global Interdependence, chap. 8. London: Sage Publications.

Phamtumvanit, Dhira and Lamont, Juliet (1991) Thailand's experience with environmental planning. In: Denizhan Erocal (ed.), Environmental Management in Developing Countries, pp. 297-310. Paris: OECD Development Centre.

Rogers, Kirk P. (1991) Strengthening government capacity for environmental planning in Latin America. In: Denizhan Erocal (ed.), Environmental Management in Developing Countries, pp. 323-340. Paris: OECD Development Centre.

Runnals, David (1991) Environmental management or management for sustainable development? In: Denizhan Erocal (ed.), Environmental Management in Developing Countries, pp. 25-45. Paris: OECD Development Centre.

Sagasti, Francisco R. and Michael E. Colby (1993) Eco-development and perspectives on global change from developing countries. In: Nazli Choucri (ed.), Global Accord: Environmental Challenges and International Responses, chap. 5. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Schmidheiny, Stephen, with the Business Council for Sustainable Development (1992) Changing Course: A Glolal Business Perspective on Development and the Environment. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Sebenius, James K. (1993) The Law of the Sea Conference: Lessons for negotiations to control global warming. In: Gunnar Sj÷stedt (ed.), International Environmental Negotiation, chap. 11. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications (for IIASA).

Stein, Robert E. and Brian Johnson (1979) Banking on the Biosphere. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Stigler, George (1971) The economic theory of regulation. Bell Journal of Economics 2: 3-21.

UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) (1995) Self Regulation of Environmental Management. New York: United Nations.

UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) (1990) Government Execution: Report of the Administrator to the Governing Council. DP/1990/33. New York, 4 May.

United Nations (1993) International Environmental Law: Emerging Trend and Implications for Transnational Corporations. Environment Series No. 3, Department of Economic and Social Development. New York: United Nations.

Viola, Eduardo J. (1997) The environmental movement in Brazil: Institutionalization, sustainable development and crisis of governance since 1987. In: Gordon J. MacDonald, Daniel L. Nielson, and Marc A. Stern (eds.), Latin American Environmental Policy in International Perspective, pp. 88-110. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Weizsacker, E. U. von, M. S. Swaminathan, and A. Lemma (1983) New Frontiers in Technology Application: Integration of Emerging and Traditional Technologies. Dublin: Tycooly International Publishing.

Whalley, J. and R. Wigle (1989) Cutting CO2 Emissions: The Effects of Alternative Policy Approaches. University of Western Ontario, Dept. of Economics, September.

World Resources Institute (1992) World Resources 1992-93. London: Oxford University Press.

Yamaguchi, Masashi (1994) Energy barter through the utilization of hydropower. Paper presented at the 30th Anniversary on The Roles of Development Consultants Towards the 21st Century, ECFA (Engineering Consulting Firm Association of Japan), Tokyo, 16 June.

Yamaji, Kenji, K. Nagano, H. Yamamoto, and K. Okada (1991) An analysis of the CO2 emission controlling policy based on marketable emission rights. Proceedings of the 7th Conference on the Energy System and Economy, Japan Energy and Resources Society, Tokyo (in Japanese).

Young, Oran R. (1989) International Cooperation: Building Regimes for Natural Resources and the Environment. lthaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
- (1993) Perspectives on international organization. In: Gunnar Sj÷stedt (ed.), International Environmental Negotiation, chap. 13. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications (for IIASA).


Robert U. Ayres
Sandoz Professor of Management and the Environment, INSEAD, Fontainebleau, France

Faye Duchin
Dean, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA

Paolo Frankl
Centre for the Management of Environmental Resources, INSEAD, Fontainebleau, France (formerly of the Dipartimento di Meccanica e Aeronautica, UniversitÓ di Roma I "La Sapienza," Rome, Italy)

Gilberto C. GallopÝn
Director, Systems and Sustainable Development Programme, Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden

Walter Manshard
Institute for Geography, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany

Anton Moser
Institute of Biotechnology, Technical University Graz, Austria

Hans-Holger Rogner
Section Head, Planning and Economic Studies Section, International Atomic Agency, Vienna, Austria

Kalpana Rohatgi
Department of Biology, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wl, USA

Pradeep Rohatgi
Materials Department, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Wl, USA

Mikoto Usui
Professor of International Development and Political Economies, College of Cross-Cultural Communication and Business, Shukutoku University, Japan

Paul M. Weaver
Director, Centre for Eco-efficiency, Enterprise and Economy, Universities of Durham and Portsmouth, UK

Robert H. Williams
Center for Energy and Environmental Studies, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA

Heinrich Wohlmeyer
President, Austrian Association for Agricultural Research, Vienna, Austria

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