This is the old United Nations University website. Visit the new site at http://unu.edu
Who's hungry? And how do we know? Food shortage, poverty, and deprivation
Table of contents
Laurie DeRose, Ellen Messer, and Sara Millman
United Nations University Press
TOKYO - NEW YORK - PARIS
© The United Nations University, 1998
The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations University.
United Nations University Press
The United Nations University, 53-70, Jingumae 5-chome,
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150, Japan
Tel: (03) 3499-2811
Fax: (03) 3406-7345
UNU Office in North America
2 United Nations Plaza, Room DC2-1462-70, New York, NY 10017
Tel: (212) 963-6387
Fax: (212) 371-9454
Telex: 422311 UN UI
United Nations University Press is the publishing division of the United Nations University.
Cover design by J.-M. Antenen,
Printed in the United States of America
DeRose, Laurie Fields, 1968-
Who's hungry? And how do we know?: food shortage, poverty, and deprivation/Laurie DeRose, Ellen Messer, and Sara Millman.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 9280809857 (pbk.)
1. Poverty. 2. Hunger. 3.
Starvation. 4. Food supply.
5. Nutrition policy. 6. Famines. 7. War and society.
8. Economic sanctions. I. Messer, Ellen.
II. Millman, Sara. III. Title.
363.8 - dc21
The United Nations University is an organ of the United Nations established by the General Assembly in 1972 to be an international community of scholars engaged in research, advanced training, and the dissemination of knowledge related to the pressing global problems of human survival, development, and welfare. Its activities focus mainly on peace and conflict resolution, development in a changing world. and science and technology in relation to human welfare. The University operates through a worldwide network of research and postgraduate training centres, with its planning and coordinating headquarters in Tokyo.
The United Nations University Press, the publishing division of the UNU, publishes scholarly books and periodicals in the social sciences, humanities, and pure and applied natural sciences related to the University's research.
Framework: Food shortage, food poverty, food deprivation
Links between levels of hunger
Why hunger matters
Organization of the volume
2. Measuring hunger
Input: Enough to eat?
Output: Nutritional outcomes
Relations among the hunger indicators
3. Food shortage
Is there a world food shortage?
Where are there regional food shortages?
How common are country-level food shortages?
Causes of shortage
The relationship between drought and famine
Ecological and political aspects of food shortage in the 1990s
4. Food poverty
Causes of food poverty
Kinds of data
Case study: The importance of non-market entitlements
Policy recommendations to reduce food poverty
Summary and conclusions
5. Food deprivation
Causes of deprivation
Measurement of food deprivation
6. Conflict as a cause of hunger
Food shortage related to conflict
Food poverty related to conflict
Distribution of conflict-related food poverty
Food deprivation related to conflict
The hunger costs of sanctions
Humanitarian and political principles and institutions limiting conflict-related hunger
Measuring the "hunger" costs of conflict
Patterns of risk
Other titles of interest