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Margarita Almada de Ascencio graduated in chemistry at the National University of Mexico (UNAM) and attended courses in information and library systems planning in Mexico and the United Kingdom. Currently Director of the Science and Humanities Centre (CICH) and Professor of Library and Information Science at UNAM, she has undertaken research projects in informatics, information planning and policy, and her works have been published extensively.

James L. Alty has a degree in physics and a Ph.D. in nuclear physics from the University of Liverpool. He was Professor of Computer Science at the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, and Executive Director of the Turing Institute, which specializes in research and exploitation of Artificial Intelligence. He heads the Computer Studies Department of Loughborough University.

Michael Keeble Buckland is Professor and former Dean at the School of Library and Information Studies, University of California, Berkeley. He has a degree in modern history (Oxford University) and a Ph.D. in economic analysis and librarianship from Sheffield University. He has published several books on library services and information systems.

Charles Morrison Cooper was Professor of Development Economics, the Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, and a member of the Royal Economic Society. He worked as Senior Fellow at the Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex, and the Directorate for Scientific Affairs, the OECD, Paris. He is presently Director of the United Nations University's Institute for New Technologies (INTECH) in Maastricht, Netherlands.

Carlos Maria Correa earned his degrees in law and economics at the Universidad Nacional de Buenos Aires. Among his positions were Director of the Research Project on Technological and Economic Trends in Informatics and Electronics, Undersecretary of State for Informatics and Development, and Member of the Technical Advisory Group for the GATT negotiations.

Meinolf Dierkes holds a Ph.D. in economics and social science from the University of Cologne. He was Founding Director of the International Institute for Environment and Society at the Science Centre, Berlin, and was its first President. At present, he is Director of the research unit, "Organisation and Technology," Science Centre, Berlin, and Professor of Sociology of Science and Technology at the Technische Universität, Berlin.

Nathalie Dusoulier is Director-General of the Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique of the National Scientific Research Centre (CNRS) in Nancy, France. She has a Ph.D. in pharmacology from the University of Paris and a degree in business administration from the same university. She is former Director of the UN Information Services at the Dag Hammarskjöld Library in New York as well as in Geneva.

Masaru Harada is Associate Professor of Library and Information Science at the Faculty of Education, Kyoto University. He earned his M.Sc. in applied science from the University of Tokyo and worked several years at Unesco, Paris. He has authored and co-authored five books.

Gunnar Johannsen is Professor of Systems Engineering and Man-Machine Systems in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kassel, Germany. He received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering and guidance and control from the Technical University of Berlin. He co-authors and co-edits several scientific publications.

Takahiko Kamae is Executive Manager of the Human Interface Laboratories of the Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT). He has a B.E. and Master of Electronics Engineering from Kyoto University. He obtained his Ph.D. in engineering from the University of Illinois, USA. He has co-authored two books in Japanese - "Local Area Networks" and "New Media in Telecommunications."

Sir John Cowdery Kendrew was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1962. He received his Ph.D. from Cambridge University. He was involved with the founding of the European Molecular Biology Organisation (EMBO), and is former Director-General of the EMBO laboratory in Heidelberg. He has been elected Secretary-General, Vice-President, and President of the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU). He is former Member and Chairman, the UNU Council, Tokyo, and was President of St John's College, Oxford.

Lian Yachun is Chief, the Computer Centre, the Institute of Scientific and Technical information of China (ISTIC), Beijing. He graduated from the Physics Department, Zhong Shan University. He trained in computer hardware maintenance in Tokyo and software programming at the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.

David R. Lide was educated at the Carnegie Institute of Technology and obtained his Ph.D. in chemical physics from Harvard. He worked at the National Bureau of Standards as Head of the Molecular Spectroscopy Section, then as Director, Standard Reference Data Program. As President of CODATA, he coordinated data programmes in areas of the physical, biological, and geosciences. He is Editor of the Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data and the Handbook of Chemistry and Physics.

Maurice Chinfwembe Lundu is University Librarian at Copperbelt University, Kitwe, Zambia. A graduate in sociology with a Master's Degree from Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, USA, he also has a Ph.D. from the University of Sheffield. He is former Regional Vice-President for East, Central, and Southern Africa of the Commonwealth Library Association (COMLA).

Makoto Nagao has been full Professor of Electrical Engineering at Kyoto University from 1973, obtaining his Master's Degree and Ph.D. from the same. Acting editor of various international journals including Computer Graphics, Vision and Image Processing, and Artificial Intelligence, and Editor-in-Chief of lECE Transactions on Information Systems.

Nobuyuki Otsu received his degree in mathematical engineering from the University of Tokyo. He has been with the Electrotechnical Laboratory (ETL), Agency of Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), and the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) of Japan. He is currently Director of the Machine Understanding Division of the ETL, and Professor, Graduate School, Department of Electronics and Information of Tsukuba University.

Stephen E. Robertson is Head of the Department of Information Science at City University, London and directs a research centre within the department. Originally a mathematician, he received his Ph.D. in information studies at University College, London. He is co-author with Karen Sparc-Jones of a book on the theory of relevance weighting of search terms.

William B. Rouse completed his Ph.D. at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has served on the faculties of four American universities. Currently he is Chief Executive Officer of Search Technology, which specializes in software products, contract R&D, and engineering services in decision-support and training systems. He is editor of the research annual Advances in ManMachine Systems Research.

Andrew P. Sage received his engineering degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, his Ph.D. from Purdue, and a doctor of engineering from the University of Waterloo. He is First American Bank Professor and Dean of the School of Information Technology and Engineering at George Mason University, and Editor of IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, AUTOMATICA, Large Scale Systems, and a textbook series on systems engineering.

Blagovest Hristov Sendov is a Member and former President of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. He earned his Ph.D. at Steklov Mathematics Institute of the CIS Academy of Sciences, Moscow, specializing in numerical methods. He studied computer science at the Imperial College, London. He is Professor of Mathematics, former Dean of Faculty and Rector of Sofia University; President, International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP); Director, Centre for Informatics and Computer Technology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia.

Linda C. Smith is Associate Professor, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC). She received her Ph.D. from the School of Information Studies, Syracuse University, an M.Sc. in computer science, Georgia Institute of Technology, and a B.S. in physics and mathematics. She is co-editor of the textbook Reference and Information Services and served as Consultant to Unesco's General Information Programme.

Martha B. Stone graduated in philosophy, political science, and sociology and earned an M.Sc. degree in library/information science at Drexel University, Philadelphia. She was involved in library services with the Canadian government. As Director-General of the Information Science and Systems Division, International Development Research Centre (IDRC) in Ottawa, Canada, she has assisted developing countries in the use of information technologies to enhance their capacities for addressing development problems.

Norbert A. Streitz received his Ph.D. in cognitive psychology from the Technical University, Aachen, and a Ph.D. in theoretical physics from the University of Kiel. He is currently Vice-Director of the Integrated Publication and Information Systems Institute (IPSI) of the Gesellschaft für Mathematik und Datenverarbeitung (GMD) (National Research Centre for Computer Science and Technology) and Manager of the research division "Cooperative Hypermedia Systems" of the IPSI. He is former Programme Chairman of the First European Conference on Hypertext (ECHT 1990).

Mitsuo Takahashi is Professor at the Graduate School of Systems Management, Tsukuba University, Japan. He graduated in management from Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo, and received a Master's Degree in commerce from the same university. He holds an M.A. in applied economics from the University of Pennsylvania. He has published, in Japanese, "Decision Support Systems on Personal Computers."

Bozena Henisz Thompson is Senior Research Associate and Lecturer in linguistics at CALTECH. She received her degrees in linguistics from Warsaw University and her Ph.D. from Georgetown University.

Frederick B. Thompson is Professor of Computer Science and Applied Philosophy at the California Institute of Technology (CALTECH), Pasadena. He received his degrees in mathematics from the University of California at Los Angeles and Berkeley. He was Mathematician at the RAND Corporation, California, and later Manager of Advanced Applications, General Electric.

Jacques Tocatlian has earned degrees in industrial chemistry (Egypt), textile technology (Italy), organic chemistry (USA), and information science (USA). He worked as a research chemist and information specialist before joining Unesco in 1969, where he was involved in developing and directing an international cooperation and assistance programme to developing countries in the areas of information, documentation, libraries, and archives.

Delia E. Torrijos was trained in chemical engineering and later in scientific documentation and information in Frankfurt. She has held various positions in the Philippine government, including that of Director of the Scientific Library and Documentation Center. She served as consultant to various library and information projects of governmental and international agencies before joining the Science Sector of Unesco. She is currently Regional Adviser for Asia and the Pacific of Unesco's General Information Programme, based in Bangkok.

Ines Wesley-Tanaskovic holds academic degrees in medicine, physiology, and computer science. She is a former Member of the United Nations University Council and is currently Coordinator of its informatics programme. She was involved for many years in the World Science Information System and the General Information Programme of Unesco. She founded and directed the Medical Informatics Institute in Belgrade.

Hisao Yamada. a graduate in electrical engineering and electronics, is currently working at the National Center for Science Information Systems (NACSIS) in Tokyo, where he is Director of Research and Development and Professor of Information Management Research. He was Professor of Information at the University of Tokyo for 20 years; Associate Professor at the University of Pennsylvania, and has also worked in industrial research centres in the United States. He has a Ph.D. in computer and information science.

Zhou Chao Chen graduated from the Department of Mathematics, Peking University, and undertook postgraduate studies at the Institute of Computing Technology, Academia Sinica, where he worked as Associate Professor and later joined the Institute of Software. He was Visiting Professor at the Technical University of Denmark and Senior Researcher at the Computer Laboratory, Oxford University. He is presently with the United Nations University International Institute for Software Technology (UNU/IIST) in Macau.

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