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This case study reports the results of field work and analyses undertaken over the past three years in the Bicol River Basin of the Philippines. The field studies were done under a technical assistance contract from the Urban Development Office of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). William R. Miner and Eric Chetwynd, Jr., of USAID's Office of Urban Development provided essential logistical support as did the staff of the Regional Development Office in the USAID Mission in the Philippines. An able Philippine staff led by Emmanuel I. Astillero and Junio Ragragio provided much of the data and analysis for the Bicol River Basin. The field work in Bicol drew heavily from a conceptual study prepared by the author with Kenneth Ruddle, and later published as Urbanization and Rural Development: A Spatial Policy for Equitable Growth (New York: Praeger, 1978). This case study also draws on the author's previously published paper, "The Bicol River Basin

Development Program: Prototype of an Equitable Growth Project," Modern Government/National Development, vol. 20, no. 1 (1979), pp. 47 - 56; and from an unpublished report, "Bicol River Basin Urban Functions in Rural Development Project: Summary and Evaluation," (Washington: US Agency for International Development, 1978). Although the field work was partially supported by USAID, the interpretations and conclusions of this analysis are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect USAID policy.

An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Task Force meeting on Resource Systems Theory and Methodology, held in Seoul, 29 May-2 June 1979. The meeting was hosted by the Graduate School of International Management of Chung-Ang University, Seoul, and cosponsored by Chung-Ang University and the United Nations University.

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