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European journal of clinical nutrition - Directions to contributors

Manuscripts should be sent to:

Professor J.S. Garrow, Department of Human Nutrition, St Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College, Charterhouse Square, London EC1M 6BQ, UK

Send original plus two copies of paper and illustrations: type preferably on A4 paper (210 x 297 mm) single-sided and double-spaced with 25 mm margins. A covering letter, which should be signed by all authors, must state that the material has not been submitted for publication elsewhere while under consideration for EJCN. Identify the name, full postal address, and fax number, of corresponding author. Typescripts will not normally be returned to authors.

The layout of the paper should be as follows:

1. Title page, giving a concise but informative title, and the names and affiliations (but not degrees) of all authors.

2. Structured abstract of not more than 250 words, under the headings:

Objective - what was the main question or hypothesis tested?
Design - was it randomized, case-control, retrospective, etc.?
Setting - where was the study done? primary or tertiary care?
Subjects - how recruited, how many started, how many dropped out?
Interventions - methods used, and duration of administration.

Main outcome measures:

Results - indicate 95% confidence intervals and exact P value for effects.

Conclusions - answer (significant or not) to main question.

Sponsorship - University? charity? commercial organization?

Descriptors - preferably use up to 6 words, chosen from MEDLINE MeSH, which best describe your paper. These will be used for indexing your paper in the EJCN, and also help retrieval from computer databases.

NOTE: Further advice on preparation of structured abstracts can be obtained from Haynes RB et al. (1990) Annals of Internal Medicine 113, 69-76. Failure to provide a structured abstract will delay editorial processing of the paper.

3. Text: organized as Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, References. Number pages consecutively. Indicate where tables and figures should appear. References in text are indicated in the text by name and date, and listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical order of first author. See recent issues of the EJCN for citation style.

4. Tables and Figures with legends which enable them to be understood without reference to the text should be on separate sheets at the end of the text. Artwork should be suitable for direct photographic reproduction.

Units and abbreviations. Use SI units where possible. Energy should be given as kJ or MJ (with equivalent kcal or Mcal in parentheses).

Statistical methods. For normally distributed data, mean (SD) is the preferred summary statistic. Relative risks should be expressed as odds ratios with 95% confidence interval. To compare two methods for measuring a variable the method of Bland & Altman (1986) Lancet i, 307 should be used: for this, calculation of P only is not appropriate.

Ethical approval. Research studies involving human subjects should be approved by the relevant review committee, and such approval must be stated in the Methods section of the paper.

Dietary survey methods. See guidelines published in EJCN (1993): 47, 379-380 or apply to Editorial office for an offprint of these guidelines.

Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author for marking of printers' errors, together with an order for reprints.

The l/D/E/C/G meeting in London, U.K., and these proceedings were funded by the United Nations University and the Nestle Foundation.

This publication is available free of charge from the Secretariat of l/D/E/C/G c/o Nestle Foundation PO. Box 581 1001 Lausanne Switzerland

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