ISSUE 43: SEPTEMBER-NOVEMBER 2006
|The newsletter of United
Nations University and its international
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President Karzai speaks on “State Building in Afghanistan”
Afghanistan will need international aid for at least another decade but its people are making solid progress in their efforts to rebuild and once again stand on their own feet, the country's President, Hamid Karzai, told an audience at UNU Centre in Tokyo July 7.
Delivering a lecture entitled "State Building in Afghanistan: Past Progress, Current Opportunities, and Future Challenges", President Karzai said that in order to understand the Afghanistan of today, it is essential to comprehend the defining events of the past three decades. Afghanistan was actively developing its infrastructure and expanding its economy in the 1970s, but the Soviet invasion of 1979 disrupted those efforts. Some five million Afghanis fled, primarily to Pakistan and Iran.
The Soviet radicalism of the left was countered by
a growing religious radicalism so that when the Soviets were finally
driven out, the vacuum was filled by the Taliban and Al Quaida.
Moreover, many people still must live with violence, since the Taliban, including many foreign recruits, are still terrorizing the populace and destroying schools and other infrastructure,
particularly in the south of the country.
© 2006 United Nations University