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Exporting Africa: technology, trade and industrialization in Sub-Saharan Africa


Table of contents


Edited by
Samuel M. Wangwe

London and New York
The United Nations University
INTECH Institute for New Technologies

Published in association with the UNU Press

First published 1995
by Routledge
11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE

Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada
by Routledge
29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001

UNU/INTECH

Typeset in Times by Florencetype Ltd. Stoodleigh, Devon
Printed and bound in Great Britain by T.J. Press (Padstow) Ltd. Padstow. Cornwall

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted reproduced or utilized in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers.

British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data
A catalogue record for this book has been requested

ISBN 0-415-12691-6
ISSN 1359-7922


Contents


Exporting Africa

Contributors

Acknowledgements

Part I. Exporting Africa: an analysis

1. Introduction

Background
The position of Africa in world trade
Industrialization and economic transformation
Research questions
Organization of this book

2. Trade theory: relevance and implications for African export orientation

Introduction
Conventional trade theory: essence and relevance
Critics and extensions of conventional trade theory
Trade theory and accumulation effects: introducing new growth theories
Some implications of new trade theories for Africa

3. Some conceptual issues and methodology of the study

Some conceptual issues
The dynamics of firm capabilities
Guiding questions of the study
The case study approach
Sampling: firms, industries and countries
Implementation of the study

4. The changing world economy: market conditions and technological developments

Changing market conditions
The changing prospects of access to world markets
New technologies and the implications of changing technological conditions
Conclusion

5. Main findings of the study: a synthesis

Position of exporting firms in the world market
History of exporting: conditions and path followed
How firms maintain or improve their positions in export markets
How some firms lose ground in export markets
Linkages and supporting industries
The influence of policy on firms' export activity

6. Conclusions and policy implications

Building core capabilities: towards competitiveness
Economic reforms and industrialization
Export orientation or import substitution?
Local or foreign investment?
Regional cooperation and trade agreements
Notes to part I

Bibliography

Part II. Country studies

7. Zimbabwe

Introduction
Textiles and clothing
Footwear
Agricultural machinery
Conclusions
Bibliography

8. Tanzania

Introduction
Firm histories
Determination of enterprise performance and efficiency
Emerging issues and the challenges ahead
Appendix
Notes
Bibliography

9. Nigeria

Introduction
Textiles
Brewing
Food and beverages
Conclusions
Appendix: the incidence of leasing in Nigeria
Notes

10. Kenya

Introduction
The textile and clothing industry
Food processing
The pharmaceutical industry
The metal industry
The cement industry
Pulp, paper and packaging
Leather and footwear industry
Summary
Notes
Bibliography

11. The Ivory Coast

Introduction
The cooking fats industry
Preserved and processed foods
The textiles industry
Conclusions
Notes
Bibliography

12. Mauritius

Background
The firms in the sample
Firm strategies
Linkage capabilities
Response to external factors
New technologies and exports
Note
Bibliography

Appendix: Survey questions