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African agriculture: The critical choices

Table of Contents

Edited by
Hamid At Amara and Bernard Founou-Tchuigoua

With a Preface by Samir Amin



General Editor: Samir Amin

The United Nations University's Project on Transnationalization or Nation-Building in Africa (1982-1986) was undertaken by a network of African scholars under the co-ordination of Samir Amin. The purpose of the Project was to study the possibilities of and constraints on national autocentric development of African countries in the context of the world-system into which they have been integrated. Since the 1970s the world-system has been in a crisis of a severity and complexity unprecedented since the end of the Second World War; the Project examines the impact of this contemporary crisis on the political, economic and cultural situation of Africa today. Focusing on the complex relationship between transnationalization (namely, the dynamics of the world-system) and nation-building, which is seen as a precondition for national development, the Project explores a wide range of problems besetting Africa today and outlines possible alternatives to the prevailing development models which have proved to be inadequate.

United Nations University Press
Zed Books Ltd.
London and New Jersey

African Agriculture: The Critical Choices was first published in 1990 by: Zed Books Ltd., 57 Caledonian Road. London N1 9BU, UK, and 171 First Avenue, Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey 07716, USA and: United Nations University Press. Toho Seimei Building, 15-1 Shibuya 2-chome, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150, Japan in co-operation with The Third World Forum. B.P. 3501, Dakar, Senegal.

Copyright The United Nations University, 1990.

Translation by A. M. Berrett.
Cover designed by Andrew Corbett.
Typeset by EMS Photosetters, Rochford, Essex.
Printed and bound in the United Kingdom at Bookcraft (Bath) Ltd. Midsomer Norton.
All rights reserved.

British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data

African agriculture: the critical choices.
(The United Nations university studies in African economy)

1. Africa, Agricultural industries. Social aspects.

I. Amara, Hamid At. II. Founou-Tchuigoua Bernard. III. Series.

305,9'63 1'096

ISBN 0-86232-798-9
ISBN 0-86232 799-7 pbk

Library of Congress Cataloguing-in-Publication Data

African agriculture, the critical choices/edited by Hamid At Amara and Bernard Founou-Tchuigoua with a preface by Samir Amin. p. cm. - (Studies in African political economy)

ISBN 0-86232-798-9 ISBN 0-86232-799-7 (pbk.)

1. Agriculture and state - Africa - Case studies. 2. Food supply - Government policy - Africa - Case studies. 3. Produce trade - Government policy - Africa - Case studies.

I. Amara, Hamid At. II. Founou-Tchuigoua, Bernard. III. Series.

HD2118.A33 1989. 89-35869
338.1 '86-dc20 CIP


M. L. Gakou
The Crisis in African Agriculture

Peter Anyang' Nyong'o (editor)
Popular Struggles for Democracy in Africa

Samir Amin, Derrick Chitala, Ibbo Mandaza (editors)
SADCC: Prospects for Disengagement and Development in Southern Africa

Faysal Yachir
The World Steel Industry Today

Faysal Yachir
Mining in Africa Today: Strategies and Prospects

Faysal Yachir
The Mediterranean: Between Autonomy and Dependency

Azzam Mahjoub (editor)
Adjustment or Delinking? The African Experience

Hamid Ait Amara, Bernard Founou-Tchuigoua (editors)
African Agriculture The Critical Choices

Other titles in preparation.



1. The agricultural revolution and industrialization

The failure of the modernization strategies
The agricultural revolution, but how?
The alternative strategy

2. The role of the export sector

The decline in agricultural production
Failure of the export model
Alternative strategies: Algeria and Ethiopia
Social relations and agricultural development

3. Food self-sufficiency: Crisis of the collective ideology

The Lagos plan of action: A critique
World bank 'counter-plan'
The United Nations' plan (PPERA)
Food self-sufficiency strategies: Problems of implementation

4. Algeria: Agriculture and industry

The Algerian economy: development choices
Industrialization: Effects on agriculture
Agriculture and industry: Interaction

5. Mauritania: Nomadism and peripheral capital

Pastoral production
Integration of the pastoral world into the market economy
Evolution of the social and political framework of nomadism

6. Nigeria and the Ivory Coast: Commercial and export crops since 1960

Agricultural production trends in both countries
Ivory Coast: Development strategy and commercial and export agriculture
How the state intervenes
Nigeria: Commercial and export agriculture

7. Ivory Coast: Agricultural and industrial development

The role of agriculture in Ivorian industrial development
The industrialization strategy

8. Tanzania: Imperialism, the state and the peasantry

Imperialism and rural development
Rural development policies in Tanzania: Post-independence
Social consequences of rural policies
Failure of villagization projects

9. Tunisia: The state, the peasantry and food dependence

The state and the peasantry
Consequences of state agricultural policy

10. The state and rural development 1960-85

Management of rural development
Structural causes of the crisis
Prospects for a different rural development strategy

11. Agricultural development without delinking: Lessons to be drawn

The nature of the problem
Experiences of Algeria and Tanzania: Lessons to be drawn