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Who's hungry? And how do we know? Food shortage, poverty, and deprivation

Table of contents

Laurie DeRose, Ellen Messer, and Sara Millman

United Nations University Press


The United Nations University, 1998

The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations University.

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Cover design by J.-M. Antenen, Geneva
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ISBN 92-808-0985-7

DeRose, Laurie Fields, 1968-
Who's hungry? And how do we know?: food shortage, poverty, and deprivation/Laurie DeRose, Ellen Messer, and Sara Millman.

p. cm.

Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN 9280809857 (pbk.)

1. Poverty. 2. Hunger. 3. Starvation. 4. Food supply.
5. Nutrition policy. 6. Famines. 7. War and society.
8. Economic sanctions. I. Messer, Ellen.
II. Millman, Sara. III. Title.

HC79.P6D47 1998
363.8 - dc21

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1. Introduction

Framework: Food shortage, food poverty, food deprivation
Links between levels of hunger
Why hunger matters
Organization of the volume
Works cited

2. Measuring hunger

Input: Enough to eat?
Output: Nutritional outcomes
Relations among the hunger indicators
Works cited

3. Food shortage

Is there a world food shortage?
Where are there regional food shortages?
How common are country-level food shortages?
Causes of shortage
The relationship between drought and famine
Ecological and political aspects of food shortage in the 1990s
Works cited

4. Food poverty

Causes of food poverty
Kinds of data
Case study: The importance of non-market entitlements
Policy recommendations to reduce food poverty
Summary and conclusions
Works cited

5. Food deprivation

Causes of deprivation
Measurement of food deprivation
Works cited

6. Conflict as a cause of hunger

Food shortage related to conflict
Food poverty related to conflict
Distribution of conflict-related food poverty
Food deprivation related to conflict
The hunger costs of sanctions
Underlying conditions
Humanitarian and political principles and institutions limiting conflict-related hunger
Measuring the "hunger" costs of conflict
Works cited

7. Conclusions

Patterns of risk
Policy implications
Works cited

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