This is the old United Nations University website. Visit the new site at http://unu.edu


Regions at risk: comparisons of threatened environments


Table of contents


 

 

Edited by
Jeanne X. Kasperson, Roger E. Kasperson, and B. L. Turner II

United Nations University Press
TOKYO - NEW YORK - PARIS

The United Nations University, 1995

The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations University.

This book has been published in cooperation with the Commission on Critical Environmental Situations and Regions, the International Geographical Union.

United Nations University Press
The United Nations University, 53-70, Jingumae 5-chome,
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150, Japan
Tel: (03) 3499-2811
Fax: (03) 3406-7345
Telex: J25442
Cable: UNATUNIV TOKYO

UNU Office in North America
2 United Nations Plaza, Room DC2-1462, New York, NY 10017
Tel: (212) 963-6387
Fax: (212) 371-9454
Telex: 422311 UN UI

United Nations University Press is the publishing division of the United Nations University.

Typeset by Asco Trade Typesetting Limited, Hong Kong
Printed by Permanent Typesetting and Printing Co., Ltd., Hong Kong
Cover design by Joyce C. Weston

UNUP-848
ISBN 92-808-0848-6
03800 P

The United Nations University is an organ of the United Nations established by the General Assembly in 1972 to be an international community of scholars engaged in research, advanced training, and the dissemination of knowledge related to the pressing global problems of human survival, development, and welfare. Its activities focus mainly on peace and conflict resolution, development in a changing world, and science and technology in relation to human welfare. The University operates through a worldwide network of research and postgraduate training centres, with its planning and coordinating headquarters in Tokyo.

The United Nations University Press, the publishing division of the UNU, publishes scholarly books and periodicals in the social sciences, humanities, and pure and applied natural sciences related to the University's research.

 


Contents


Note from the editors

Acknowledgements

1. Critical environmental regions: concepts, distinctions, and issues

Previous studies
Geocentric and anthropocentric approaches
Key concepts and issues
Regions and the regional approach
Definitions
Regional dynamics and trajectories of change
Case-study selection and protocol
References

2. Amazonia

Study sites
Historical perspectives on environmental and social change
Human driving forces
Environmental impacts
Societal responses
The trajectory of change and regional dynamics
References

3. The Aral Sea basin

Environmental changes
Human driving forces
Social and economic changes
Societal recognition of the Aral Sea problem
Possible solutions and rescue scenarios
The Aral Sea basin trajectory
Saving the Aral Sea
References

4. The Nepal middle mountains

Geographical delimitation and time-frame
Environmental changes and emerging indicators of unsustainability
Human driving forces of environmental change
Socio-economic vulnerabilities and impacts
Environmental change, emerging awareness, and responses
Is the situation critical?
References

5. The Ukambani region of Kenya

The Ukambani study area
The history of settlement, land use, and environment (1890-1990)
The trajectory of change in Ukambani
References

6. The Llano Estacado of the American southern high plains

The Llano Estacado
Changes in the pre-european ecosystem
Development of the southern high plains: a social and agricultural history
Human driving forces: commodity specialization in cotton
The vulnerability of the cotton economy of the Llano Estacado
Social responses to environmental change and economic vulnerability
The future of the Southern High Plains
Conclusions
References
Interviews

7. The basin of Mexico

The socio-economic background
Recent environmental in the basin
The driving forces of environmental change
The vulnerability of the basin
The response to the environmental problem
Review and conclusions
References

8. The North Sea

The North Sea basin
Resources and depletion
Warning signs
Trajectory and regional dynamics
Acknowledgements
References

9. The Ordos Plateau of China

Background
The temporal and spatial background of environmental changes
Environmental changes and their socio-economic effects
Proximate human causes
Underlying human driving forces
Human awareness and societal responses
The trajectory of environmental changes
Conclusion
Acknowledgements
References (in Chinese)

10. The eastern Sundaland region of south-east Asia

Sundaland as a "critical environmental zone"
Borneo
Forestry in Borneo since the 1960s
Land-use change and agricultural settlement
Impending crisis in forestry and the timber industries
The state, the timber industry, and shifting cultivators
Lessons for the future from peninsular Malaysia
Questions of criticality in Borneo
A changing resource frontier
References

11. Comparisons and conclusions

Regional trajectories of change
Human driving forces
Vulnerability
Societal response
Generic patterns and issues
The larger issues
References

12. Contributors

Other titles of interest