This is the old United Nations University website. Visit the new site at http://unu.edu


Freshwater Resources in Arid Lands


Table of contents


UNU Global Environmental Forum V

Edited by
Juha I. Uitto and Jutta Schneider

United Nations University Press
TOKYO - NEW YORK - PARIS

The United Nations University, 1997

The UNU Global Environmental Forum V, Freshwater Resources in Arid Lands, was organized at the United Nations University Headquarters, Tokyo, 13 June 1996. It was sponsored by Obayashi Corporation.

The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations University.

United Nations University Press
The United Nations University, 53-70, Jingumae 5-chome,
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150, Japan
Tel: (03) 3499-281 1
Telex: J25442
Fax: (03) 3406-7345
Cable: UNATUNIV TOKYO

UNU Office in North America
2 United Nations Plaza, Room DC2-1462-70, New York, NY 10017
Tel: (212) 963-6387
Fax: (212) 371-9454
Telex: 422311 UN UI

United Nations University Press is the publishing division of the United Nations University.

Cover design by Takashi Suzuki

UNUP-982
ISBN 92-8080982-2

The United Nations University is an organ of the United Nations established by the General Assembly in 1972 to be an international community of scholars engaged in research, advanced training, and the dissemination of knowledge related to the pressing global problems of human survival, development, and welfare. Its activities focus mainly on peace and conflict resolution, development in a changing world, and science and technology in relation to human welfare. The University operates through a worldwide network of research and postgraduate training centres, with its planning and coordinating headquarters in Tokyo.

The United Nations University Press, the publishing division of the UNU, publishes scholarly books and periodicals in the social sciences, humanities, and pure and applied natural sciences related to the University's research.


Contents


Preface

Opening address

References

Welcoming address

Reference

1: Fresh water - A scarce resource in arid lands

Introduction
International efforts
Fresh water - A limited resource
A personal history
Traditional wisdom
Problems of major continental aquifers
The Aral crisis - Ecocide in arid lands
Hydropolitics along the Jordan river basin and the Dead Sea
Conclusions
References

2: Negev: land, water, and civilization in a desert environment

Introduction
Civilization in the Negev
Freshwater utilization
Conclusions
Bibliography

3: The future of freshwater resources in the Arabian peninsula

Introduction
Water resources
Water requirements
Management options
Conclusions
References

4: Water resources and agricultural environment in arid regions of China

Introduction
Water resources
Water utilization and agricultural environment
Improving water management for sustainable agricultural development
Conclusions
References

5: The development of groundwater resources on the Miyakojima Islands

Introduction
Outline of the Miyakojima Islands
Geology and the hydrological cycle
Outline of the irrigation project on Miyakojima
The construction and concept of the underground dam
The Construction of the Cut-off Walls
The construction of the intake facilities
The storage situation of the Sunagawa underground dam
Conclusion
Bibliography

6: Global warming and groundwater resources in arid lands

Quaternary climate history
Global warming and desertification
Characteristics of groundwater in arid lands
Utilization and conservation of groundwater
Conclusions
References

7: Sustainable development of freshwater resources in arid lands: Panel discussion

8: Closing remarks

References

Contributors

Other titles of interest