Contents - Previous - Next

This is the old United Nations University website. Visit the new site at


Ardayfio, E. 1986. The Rural Energy Crisis in Ghana: Its Implications for Women's Work and Household Survival. Geneva: International Labour Organization.

Ardayfio-Schandorf, E. 1981. Rural Energy Production and Consumption in Southwestern Nigeria: The Role of Women. Obafemi Awolowo Univcrsity, Ile-lfe, Nigeria.

---- 1983. Rural energy consumption in south-western Nigeria. Bulletin of Ghana Geographical Association I (I).

---- 1993. Commercialization of fuelwood in Ghana. Paper presented at a Conference on Women and Forestry in Ghana, Accra.

Brooks, D. 1986. Friends of the Earth, cited in WCED, Our Common Furure. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Cline-Cole, R. 1985. Energy, environment and man in tropical Africa: The case of the Freetown woodfuel market. Paper presented to the Bamako International Symposium on Urban-Rural Relationships, Bamako.

Eckholm, E. et al. 1984. Fuelwood: The Energy Crisis That Won't Go Away. London: Earthscan.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). 1987. Ghana Forestry Project Preparation Report. Rome.

French D. 1978. Renewable Energy for Africa: Needs, Opportunities, Issues. Washington D.C.: United States Agency for International Development.

FRIDA (Fund for Research and Investment for the Development of Africa). 1980. Domestic Energy in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Impending Crisis. Its Measurement and Framework for Practical Solutions. London.

Gamser, M. S. 1980. The forest resource and rural energy development. World Development 8: 769-780.

Goodman, G. T. 1985. Energy and development. Where do we go? Ambio 14(4-5).

Leach, G. and R. Mearns. 1989. Beyond the Woodfuel Crisis: People, Trees and Land in Africa. London: Earthscan.

O'Keefe, M. 1990. A new energy agenda for Africa. Paper presented at the International Seminar on Energy in Africa, 27 30 November, Abidjan, Cote d'lvoire.

United Nations. 1990. United Nations Statistical Year Book.

WCED (World Commission on Environment and Development). 1987. Our Common Future. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

World Bank. 1992. World Development Report. Washington D.C.

Contents - Previous - Next