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Interviews (carried out 1989-1992)

United States

Valerie Amiel, World Bank
Imad Badran, Embassy of Jordan
Senator Howard Baker
Cal Burwell, formerly of Oak Ridge National Laboratories
Dwayne Chapman, Cornell University
Jerry Delli Priscoli, US Army Corps of Engineers
Abdel Azim El-Gazzar, Egyptian Embassy
Arun Elhance, US Institute of Peace
Yossef Elkanna, Israeli Embassy
Steve Grumman, US Department of State
Fred Hof, US Department of State
Allen Kieswetter, US Department of State
Ambassador Samuel Lewis, US Institute of Peace
Steve Lintner, World Bank
Joyce Starr, Global Water Summit Initiative
Ardy Stoutjesdijk, World Bank
Karen Stuart, US Department of State
Ismail Turkoz, Turkish Embassy
Alvin Weinberg, past Director of Oak Ridge National Laboratories
Gordon Wolman, Johns Hopkins University

Israel and the West Bank

Joseph Alpher, Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies
Meier Ben-Meier, former Water Commissioner
Pedro Berliner, Ben-Gurion University
Menahem Cantor, former Water Commissioner
Shmuel Cantor, Mekorot
Rahamim Cohen, Mekorot
Nader El-Khatib, Palestinian Hydrology Group
Pinhas Glueckstern, Mekorot
Zeev Golani, Mekorot
Shlomo Gur, Planning and Development, Ltd
Jad Isaac, Applied Research Institute
Arye Issar, Ben-Gurion University
Elisha Kally, engineer
Avraham Katz-Oz, former Minister of Agriculture
Gamal Khativ, teacher, town of Ghajar
Chuck Lawson, US Embassy in Tel Aviv
Avraham Nadal, Mekorot
Avraham Ofir, Israel Desalination Engineering
Haim Paldi, engineer
Reuven Pedhatzor, journalist, Jaffee Center
General (retired) Arye Shalev
General (retired) Avraham Tamir
Avner Turgeman, Mekorot
Yehoshua Schwartz, Tahal
Martin Sherman, Ministry of Agriculture
Gerald Stanhill, Volcani Center
Moshe Yisraeli, Ministry of Economics and Planning
Aharon Zohar, formerly with Tahal


Amit Agarwall, US Embassy in Amman
Sweilem Haddad, former Director of East Ghor, All-Arab Canal Projects
Mohammed Ma'ali, Mideast Studies Center
Jamil Rashdan, Ministry of Water
Elias Salameh, University of Amman


Aaronson, Aaron. 1919. "The Boundaries of Palestine." Unpublished.

Abdulhadi, Rami. 1992. "Water Resources for the State of Palestine." Submitted to a conference at the Council on Foreign Relations, June.

Akdogan, Haluk. 1992. "An Economic Analysis of Inter Country Water Transfer through Pipelines." Submitted to a conference on Sharing Fresh Water Resources, Crete.

Alheritière, Dominique. 1985. "Settlement of Public International Disputes on Shared Resources." Natural Resources Journal 25(3): 701-711.

Ali, Ali Mohammed. 1965. The River Jordan and the Zionist Conspiracy. Cairo: Information Department.

Ambroggi, Robert. 1977. "Underground Reservoirs to Control the Water Cycle." Scientific American 236(5): 21-27.

Amy, Douglass. 1987. The Politics of Environmental Mediation. New York: Columbia University Press.

Arad, Arnon, and Uri Kafri. 1980. "Hydrogeological Inter-Relationship between the Judea Group and the Nubian Sandstone Aquifers in Sinai and the Negev." Israel Journal of EarthSciences 29: 67-72.

Arad, Nathan, and Pinhas Glueckstern. 1981. "Desalination, A Review of Technology and Cost Estimates." In: Yaron, Dan, ed. Salinity in Irrigation and Water Resources. New York: Marcel Dekker.

Argaman, Yosef. 1990. "Tel Dan Incident: New Concept in Israeli Tank Warfare." Israel Defense Forces Journal (Summer).

Ascher, William. 1989. "Limits of 'Expert Systems' for Political-Economic Forecasting." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 36.

Ataov, Turkkaya. 1981. "The Use of Palestinian Waters and International Law." Presented at the Third United Nations Seminar on the Question of Palestine, 1014 August 1981, Colombo.

Axelrod, R. 1990. The Evolution of Cooperation. New York: Basic Books.

Bank of Israel. 1991. "One Million Immigrants - An Absorption Program." Jerusalem: Bank of Israel.

Beaumont, Peter. 1991. "Transboundary Water Disputes in the Middle East." Submitted to a conference on Transboundary Waters in the Middle East, Ankara, September.

Bein, Alex, ed. 1971. Arthur Ruppin: Memoirs, Diaries, Letters. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.

Benvenisti, Meron, and Shlomo Khayat. 1988. The West Bank and Gaza Atlas. Jerusalem: The Jerusalem Post.

Ben-Zvi, Arie. 1985. "The Hydrological Background for the Mediterranean Dead Sea Hydropower Project." Israel Meteorological Research Papers 4 (December).

——.1989. "Estimate of Quantity of Water for Diversion in the Project around the Kinneret." Jerusalem: Israel Hydrologic Service. (Hebrew.) gilder, Richard. 1975. The Settlement of international Environmental Disputes. University of Wisconsin Sea Grant College Program, Technical Report 231, Madison, Wisconsin. gingham, Gail, and Suzanne Orenstein. 1991. "The Role of Negotiation in Managing Water Conflicts." Unpublished.

Bossel, H. 1986. "Systems Analysis: An Introduction." Ecological Systems Analysis. German Foundation for International Development, chap. 1.

Brams, Steven J. 1990. Negotiation Games: Applying Game Theory to Bargaining and Arbitration. New York: Routledge, Chapman and Hall.

Brecher, Michael. 1974. Decisions in Israel's Foreign Policy. London: Oxford University Press.

Broshi, Magen, ed. 1977. Between the Hermon and Sinai. Jerusalem: Hotza'at Yedidim. (Hebrew.)

——.1979. "The Population of Western Palestine in the Roman-Byzantine Period." Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 236 (Fall).

Butler, R., and J. Bury, eds. 1958. Documents on British Foreign Policy: 1919-1939. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. (29 volumes.)

Cano, Guillermo. 1989. "The Development of the Law in International Water Resources and the Work of the International Law Commission." Water International 14: 167-171.

——.1982. "Laws of Nature and Water Laws." Water International 7: 81-83.

Cantor, Shmuel. 1980. "Principles for Formulating a Water Policy for the 1980's." Unpublished. (Hebrew.)

——.1983. "A Regional Development Program for Power and Water." Unpublished.

Caponera, Dante A. 1985. "Patterns of Cooperation in International Water Law: Principles and Institutions." Natural Resources Journal 25(3): 563-588.

——.1991. "Legal and Institutional Concepts of Cooperation." Submitted to a conference on Transboundary Waters in the Middle East, Ankara, September.

Changnon, Stanley. 1987. "An Assessment of Climate Change, Water Resources, and Policy Research" Water International 12.

Chapman, Duane. 1973. "Economic Aspects of a Nuclear Desalination Agro-lndustrial Project in the United Arab Republic." American Journal of Agricultural Economics 55(3): 433440.

Cooley, John. 1973. Green March, Black September: The Story of the Palestinian Arabs. London: Frank Cass.

——.1984. "The War Over Water." Foreign Policy (54): 3-26.

Copeland, Miles. 1969. The Game of Nations. New York: College Notes and Texts.

Coplin, W., and M. O'Leary. 1974. "Activities of the PRINCE Project." Policy Studies Journal (Summer).

——.1976. Everyman's Prince: A Guide to Understanding Your Political Problems. New York: Duxbury Press.

——.1983. Political Analysis through the PRINCE System. Policy Studies Association.

Cowell, Alan. 1989. "Next Flashpoint in the Middle East: Water." New York Times 16 April.

Cran, J. 1992. "The Medusa Bag and Middle East Projects." Unpublished.

Dane, Louis, and John Benton. 1918. "Report on Project for Promoting the Prosperity of Palestine." Unpublished.

Darr, P., S. L. Feldman, and C. Kamen. 1976. The Demand for Urban Water. Amsterdam: Leiden Press.

Davis, Uri, Antonia Maks, and John Richardson. 1980. "Israel's Water Policies." Journal of Palestine Studies 9(2; 34): 3-32.

Delli Priscoli, Jerome. 1987. "Conflict Resolution in Water Resources: Two 404 General Permits." Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management 14(1).

——.1992. "Collaboration, Participation and Alternative Dispute Resolution; Process Concepts for the (World) Bank's Role in Water Resources." Unpublished.

Dillman, Jeffrey. 1989. "Water Rights in the Occupied Territories." Journal of Palestine Studies 19(1; 73): 46-71.

Dinar, Ariel, and Aaron Wolf. 1991. "International Markets for Water and the Potential for Regional Cooperation: The Case of the Western Middle East." University of California, Davis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Working Paper No. 91-14, Davis, California.

——.1992. "Incorporating Economic and Political Considerations into Regional Cooperation Models: Evaluating Possible Water Transfer in the Western Middle East." Presented at a conference on Sharing Scarce Fresh Water Resources in the Mediterranean Basin: An Economic Perspective, Crete.

Doron, B., J. Weinberg, and U. Fisher. 1991. "Solar Pond as an Actual Solution for Desalination." Presented at the IDA World Conference on Desalination and Water Reuse, Washington, 26-31 August.

Dryzek, John, and Susan Hunter. 1987. "Environmental Mediation for International Problems." International Studies Quarterly 31.

Dufournaud, Christian. 1982. "On the Mutually Beneficial Cooperative Scheme: Dynamic Change in the Payoff Matrix of International River Basin Schemes." Water Resources Research 18 (4): 764-772.

Eisenhower, Dwight. 1968. "A Proposal for Our Time." Reader's Digest (June) 7580.

El-Hindi, Jamal L. 1990. "Note, The West Bank Aquifer and Conventions Regarding Laws of Belligerent Occupations." Michigan Journal of International Law 11 (4): 1400-1423.

Endtner, Joann. 1987. Cultural ideologies and the political economy of water in the US West: Northern Ute Indians and rural Mormons in the Uintah Basin, Utah. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Irvine.

Esco Foundation. 1947. Palestine: A Study of Jewish, Arab, and British Policies. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Eshkol, Yosef. 1978. The Six-Day War. Jerusalem: Israel Ministry of Defence. (Hebrew.)

Falkenmark, Malin. 1987. "Water-Related Limitations to Local Development." Ambio 16 (4).

——.1989a. "The Massive Water Shortage in Africa - Why Isn't It Being Addressed?" Ambio 18(2): 112-118.

——.1989b. "Middle East Hydropolitics: Water Scarcity and Conflicts in the Middle East." Ambio 18(6).

——, Jan Lundqvist, and Carl Widstrand. 1989. "Macro-scale Water Scarcity Requires Micro-scale Approaches: Aspects of Vulnerability in Semi-arid Development." Natural Resources Forum (November) 13(4).

Fishelson, Gideon, ed. 1989. Economic Cooperation in the Middle East. Boulder: Westview Press.

——.1990. "Water and the Middle East." Israel Scene (October): 4-5.

Fisher, Roger, and William Ury. 1981. Getting to YES: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In. New York: Penguin.

Freeze, R. Allen, and John Cherry. 1979. Groundwater. New York: Prentice-Hall.

French, Lewis. 1931. "First Report on Agricultural Development and Land Settlement in Palestine." London: His Majesty's Government Printing Office.

Frey, Frederick. 1992. "The Political Context of Conflict and Cooperation Over International River Basins." Prepared for a conference on Middle East Water Crisis, Waterloo.

——, and Thomas Naff. 1985. "Water: An Emerging Issue in the Middle East?" Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 482: 65-84.

Fromkin, David. 1989. A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East. New York: Avon.

Galnoor, Itzhak. 1978. "Water Policymaking in Israel." Policy Analysis 4: 339-367.

Garbell, Maurice. 1965. "The Jordan Valley Plan." Scientific American 212(3): 2331.

Garber, Andra, and Elias Salameh, eds. 1992. Jordan's Water Resources and Their Future Potential. Amman: Siftung.

Gilbert, Martin. 1974 Atlas of the Arab-lsraeli Conflict. New York: Macmillan.

Glassner, Martin, ed. 1983. Global Resources: Challenges of Interdependence. New York: Praeger.

Glueckstern, Pinhas, 1982. "Preliminary Considerations of Combining a Large Reverse Osmosis Plant with the Mediterranean-Dead Sea Project." Desalination 40: 143-156.

——.1991. "Cost Estimates of Large RO Systems." In: Proceedings of 12th International Symposium on Desalination and Water Reuse, Malta, 15-18, April.

——.1991. "Potential Uses of Renewable Energy for Water Desalination." Presented at Seminar on New Technologies for the Use of Renewable Energy Sources in Water Desalination, Athens, 26-28 September. 20 pp.

Goldschmidt, M. 1955. "Precipitation over and Run-off from Jordan and Litani Catchments." Jerusalem: Hydrologic Service.

——, and M. Jacobs. 1958. "Precipitation over and Replenishment of the Yarqon and Nahal Taninim Underground Catchments." Jerusalem: Hydrologic Service.

Gonzalez, Arturo' and Santiago Rubio. 1992. "Optimal Interbasin Water Transfers in Spain." Presented at a workshop on Sharing Source Water Resources in the Mediterranean Basin: An Economic Perspective, Padua, Italy, 23-24 April.

Gowers, Andrew, and Tony Walker. 1989. "Middle East Fears War of Parched Throats." Financial Times, (London) 21 February.

Gruen, George. 1991. The Water Crisis: The Next Middle East Crisis? Los Angeles: Wiesenthal Center.

Gur, Shlomo. 1991. The Jordan Rift Valley: A Challenge for Development. Jerusalem: Published for the Office of the Prime Minister.

Hadawi, Sami, ed. 1967. United Nations Resolutions on Palestine 1947-1966. Beirut: Institute for Palestine Studies.

Haddad, Sweilum. 1967. "Principles and Procedures Used in Planning and Executing the East Ghor Irrigation Project." Presented at International Conference on Water for Peace, Washington, D.C., 23-31 May.

Hagai, Matti. 1989. Water policy in Israel. Unpublished Master's Thesis, University of Tel Aviv (Hebrew.)

Hayton, Robert. 1981. "International Aquifers and International Law. " Water International 6.

——.1982. "The Law of International Aquifers." Natural Resources Journal 22(1): 71-94.

——, and Albert Utton. 1989. "Transboundary Groundwaters: the Bellagio Draft Treaty." Natural Resources Journal 29 (Summer).

Heller, Mark. 1983. A Palestinian State: The Implications for Israel. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Hillel, Daniel. 1987. The Efficient Use of Water in Irrigation. World Bank Technical Paper 64. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.

Hipel, Keith W., R.D. Ragade, and T.E. Unny. 1976. "Metagame Theory and Its Applications to Water Resources." Water Resources Research 12(3) (June).

Hof, Frederic. 1985. Galilee Divided The Israel-Lebanon Frontier, 1916-1984. Boulder: Westview.

Holling, C. 1978. "Model Invalidation and Belief." In: Adaptive Environmental Assessment and Management. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Hosh, Leonardo, and Jad Isaac. 1992. "Roots of the Water Conflict in the Middle East." Presented at a conference on The Middle East Water Crisis, Waterloo, 79 May.

Housen-Couriel, Deborah. 1992. "Aspects of the Law of International Water Resources." Draft.

Howe, C., and K. Easter. 1971. Interbasin Transfers of Water: Economic Issues and Impacts. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

Inbar, Moshe, and Jacob Maos. 1984. "Water Resource Planning and Development in the Northern Jordan Valley." Water International 9: 18-25.

Info Briefing. 1986. "Israel's Water System and Problems." No. 36. 15 April.

Ingram, Helen M., Dean E. Mann, Gary D. Weatherford and Hanna J. Cortner. 1984. "Guidelines for Improved Institutional Analysis in Water Resources Planning." Water Resources Research 20(3): 323-334.

Ingrams, Doreen. 1972. Palestine Papers, 1917-1922. London: Murray.

Institute for Palestine Studies. 1970. International Documents on Palestine: 1967. Beirut: IPS.

International Water Resources Association. 1990. "Special Issue on Water, Peace and Conflict Management." Water International. 15(4) (December).

Israel/Palestine Center for Research and Information (IPCRI). 1990. "Roundtable on the Issue of Water." Unpublished transcripts of ongoing roundtable discussions, including simulated negotiations, begun November 1990, in Jerusalem.

Issar, Arye. 1985. "Fossil Water Under the Sinai-Negev Peninsula." Scientific American 253(1): 104-111.

——. 1990. Water Shall Flow from the Rock: Hydrogeology and Climate in the Lands of the Bible. New York: Springer-Verlag.

——, and G. Oron. 1982. "Water from Fossil Aquifers as a Potential Supply Source for Solar Desalination Plants on a Regional Scale." Desalination 40: 25-32.

——, and Ronit Nativ. 1988. "Water Beneath Deserts: Keys to the Past, A Resource for the Present." Episodes 11(4): 256-261.

Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies. 1989. The West Bank and Gaza: Israel's Options for Peace. Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University.

Kahan, David. 1987. Agriculture and Water Resources in the West Bank and Gaza (19671987). Jerusalem: The Jerusalem Post.

Kahhaleh, Subhi. 1981. The Water Problem in Israel and its Repercussions on the Arablsraeli Conflict. Beirut: Institute for Palestine Studies.

Kally, Elisha. 1965. The Struggle for Water. Tel Aviv: Hakibbutz Hameuhad Publishing. (Hebrew.).

——. 1986. A Middle East Water Plan under Peace. Tel Aviv University: The Armand Hammer Fund for Economic Cooperation in the Middle East.

——. 1989. Water in Peace. Tel Aviv: Sifriat Poalim. (Hebrew.)

Kershner, Isabel. 1990. "Talking Water." Jerusalem Report, 25 October.

Khativ, Ahmed, and Gamal Khativ. 1988 (?). My Village and the Days. (Arabic.)

Kolars, John. 1991a. "The Litani River in the context of Middle Eastern Water Resources." Draft.

——. 1991b. "The Role of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Technology in the Future Management of Middle Eastern Rivers." Presented at the 1991 MESA Annual Meeting, Washington. 12-26 November.

——. 1992. "Water Resources of the Middle East." Canadian Journal of Development Studies. Special Issue.

Kolb, Deborah, and Susan Silbey. 1990. "Enhancing the Capacity of Organizations to Deal with Disputes." Negotiation Journal 6(4) (October).

Kriesberg, Louis. 1988. "Strategies of Negotiating Agreements: Arab-Israeli and AmericanSoviet Cases." Negotiation Journal (January) 19.

Laqueur, Walter, 1967. The Road to Jerusalem: The Origins of the Arab-lsraeli Conflict 1967. New York: Macmillan.

Lekakis, Joseph, and Dimitrios Giannias. 1992. "Optimal Fresh Water Allocation: the Case of Nestos." Draft.

LeMarquand, David. 1977. International Rivers: The Politics of Cooperation. Vancouver: Westwater Research Centre.

Lewicki, R., and J. Litterer. 1985. Negotiation. New York: Irwin.

Lonergan, Stephen, and Barb Kavanagh. 1991. "Climate Change, Water Resources and Security in the Middle East." Global Environmental Change (September).

Lowdermilk, Walter. 1944. Palestine: Land of Promise. New York: Harper and Bros.

Lowi, Miriam. 1985. The Politics of Water: The Jordan River and the Riparian States. McGill Studies in International Development, No. 35, Montreal.

——.1990. The politics of water under conditions of scarcity and conflict: the Jordan river and riparian states. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey.

Lynne, Gary, J., Walter Milon, and Michael Wilson. 1990. "Identifying and Measuring Potential Conflict in Water Institutions." Water Resources Bulletin 26(4): 669.

MacBride, Sean. 1983. "Israel in Lebanon: The Report of the International Commission to Enquire into Reported Violations of International Law by Israel during its Invasion of the Lebanon."

MacDonnell, Lawrence J. 1988. "Natural Resources Dispute Resolution: An Overview." Natural Resources Journal 28(1): 5-20.

Main, Chas. T., Inc. 1953. The Unified Development of the Water Resources of the Jordan Valley Region. Knoxville: Tennessee Valley Authority.

Maruyama, M. 1963. "The Second Cybernetics: Deviation-Amplifying Mutual Causal Processes." American Scientist (51): 164-179.

Maslow, A. H. 1954. Motivation and Personality. New York: Harper and Row.

McCarthy, Justin. 1990. The Population of Palestine. New York: Columbia University Press.

McKinney, Matthew. 1992. "Designing a Dispute Resolution System for Water Policy and Management." Negotiation Journal 8(2) (April).

Mediterranean-Dead Sea Co. Ltd. 1983. Mediterranean-Dead Sea Project. Jerusalem: Carta.

Medzini, Meron, ed. 1976. Israel's Foreign Relations. Jerusalem: Ministry for Foreign Affairs.

Mekorot Water Company Ltd. 1944. The Water Resources of Palestine. Tel Aviv: Mekorot.

Meltsner, Arnold. 1972. "Political Feasibility and Policy Analysis." Public Administration Review 32(6) (November).

Mikhail, Wakil. 1992. "Analysis of Future Water Needs for Different Sectors in Syria." Presented at a conference on the Mideast Water Crisis, Waterloo, April.

Mitchell, John E. 1967. "Planning of Water Development in Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan." Presented at International Conference on Water for Peace, Washington D.C., 23-31 May.

Mitrany, David. 1975. The Functional Theory of Politics. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Naff, Thomas. 1992. "Israel and the Waters of South Lebanon." Draft.

——, and Ruth Matson, eds. 1984. Water in the Middle East: Conflict or Cooperation? Boulder: Westview Press.

National Academy of Sciences. 1974. "More Water for Arid Lands: Promising Tech nologies and Research Opportunities." Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences.

Nativ, Ronit, and Arie Issar. 1988. "Problems of an Over-Developed Water System: The Israeli Case." Water Quality Bulletin 13(4).

——, Yehuda Bachmat, and Arie Issar. 1987. "Potential Use of the Deep Aquifers in the Negev Desert, Israel - a Conceptual Model." Journal of Hydrology 94: 237265.

Oak Ridge National Laboratories. 1970. "Middle East Study Application of Large WaterProducing Energy Centers: Gaza Area Development and Refugee Resettlement." Draft, 10 November.

——. 1971. "Middle East Study Application of Large Water-Producing Energy Centers: Summary." Draft 15 November.

O'Connor, David. 1992. "The Design of Self-Supporting Dispute Resolution Programs." Negotiation Journal 8(2) (April).

Odum, E.P. (n.d.) "Limiting Factors and the Physical Environment." Basic Ecology 221-233.

Olivares, Jose. 1986. "The Assessment of Water Resources Projects Involving Economic, Social and Environmental Costs and Benefits: The World Bank's View." Natural Resources Forum 10(2).

Ozawa, Connie, and Lawrence Susskind. 1985. "Mediating Science-Intensive Policy Disputes." Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 5(1).

Painter, A. 1988. "The Future of Environmental Dispute Resolution." Natural Resources Journal 28(1): 145-170.

Patten, B.C., ed. 1976. Systems Analysis and Simulation in Ecology. New York: Academic Press.

Pearce, Fred. 1991. "Wells of Conflict on the West Bank." New Scientist (1 June): 36-40.

Pedhatzor, Reuven. 1989. "A Shared Tap." Ha'aretz, 3 May. (Hebrew.)

Peel, E. 1937. "The Report of the Palestine Commission." International Affairs 16(5) (September).

Platter, Adele, and Thomas Mayer. 1989. "A Unified Analysis of International Conflict and Cooperation." Journal of Peace Research 26(4): 367-383.

Postel, Sandra. 1989a. "Trouble on Tap." Worldwatch (September) 12-20.

——. 1989b. "Water for Agriculture: Facing the Limits." Paper 93. Worldwatch (December).

Ra'anan, Uri. 1955. The Frontiers of a Nation: A Re-examination of the Forces which Created the Palestine Mandate and Determined its Territorial Shape. Westport, Connecticut: Hyperion Press.

Raiffa, Howard. 1982. The Art and Science of Negotiation. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Reisner, Marc. 1986. Cadillac Desert: The American West and Its Disappearing Water. New York: Viking.

Richardson, John. 1984. The West Rank: A Portrait. Washington: The Middle East Institute.

Rizk, Edward. 1964. The River Jordan. Information Paper 23. New York: Arab Information Center.

Rogers, Peter. 1969. "A Game Theory Approach to the Problems of International River Basins." Water Resources Research 5(4) (August).

——.1991. "International River Basins: Pervasive Unidirectional Externalities." Presented at a conference on The Economics of Transnational Commons, Universita di Siena, Italy, 25-27 April. 30 pp.

Rogers, P., R. Burden, and C. Lott. 1978. "Systems Analysis and Modeling Techniques Applied to Water Management." Natural Resources Forum 2: 349358.

Rogoff, Mike. 1990. "Energy Alternative." Shalom: Magazine for Alumni of Israel Training Courses 2: 15-18.

Rosenthal, E., A. Issar, L. Kroitoru, and J. Kronfeld. 1981. "Hydrogeological InterRelationship between the Judea Group and the Nubian Sandstone Aquifers in Sinai and the Negev (Arad and Kafri 1980), Discussion." Israel Journal of Earth-Sciences 30: 145-153.

——, E. Adar, A. Issar, and O. Batelaan. 1990. "Definition of Groundwater Flow Patterns by Envitonmental Tracers in the Multiple Aquifer System of Southern Arava Valley, Israel." Journal of Hydrology 117: 339-368.

Ruppin, Arthur. 1936. Three Decades of Palestine. Jerusalem: Schocken.

Rymon, Dan, and Uri Or. 1989. "Advanced Technologies in Traditional Agriculture, A Case Study: Drip Fertigation in the Jiftlik Valley." Unpublished.

Sachar, Howard. 1969. The Emergence of the Middle East: 1914-1924. New York: Knopf.

——.1979. A History of Israel: Vol. 1. New York: Knopf.

——.1987a. A History of Israel: Vol. 11. New York: Knopf.

——, ed. 1987b. The Rise of Israel (A Facsimile Series Reproducing 1,900 Documents in 39 Volumes). New York: Garland.

Sacher, H. ed. 1916. Zionism and the Jewish Future. London: John Murray.

Saliba, Samir. 1968. The Jordan River Dispute. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.

Schmida, Leslie. 1983. Keys to Control: Israel's Pursuit of Arab Water Resources. American Educational Trust.

Schwartz, Yehoshua, and Aharon Zohar. 1991. Water in the Middle East: Solutions to Water Problems in the Context of Arrangements between Israel and the Arabs. Tel Aviv: Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies. (Hebrew.)

Shahin, Mamdouh. 1989. "Review and Assessment of Water Resources in the Arab World." Water International 14.

Shalev, Arye. 1989. Cooperation in the Shadow of Conflict. Tel Aviv: Ma'arachot. (Hebrew.)

Shamir, Uri. 1972. "Optimizing the Operation of Israel's Water System." Technology Review 74(7): 41-48.

Shatela, Fathi Abd El-Hamid. 1991. "Delivering of Potable Lebanese Water to Gulf Countries." Arab Water World 15(3/4) (Arabic.)

Shemesh, Moshe. 1988. The Palestinian Entity 1959-1974: Arab Politics and the PLO. London: Frank Cass.

Shuval, Hillel, ed. 1980. Water Quality Management under Conditions of Scarcity. New York: Academic Press.

——.1992. "Approaches to Resolving the Water Conflicts between Israel and her Neighbors - A Regional Water-for-Peace Plan." Water International 17(3) (September).

Siegal, Judy. 1989. "The World's Best Rainmaker." Jerusalem Post, 8 April.

Simon, Julius. 1971. Certain Days. Jerusalem: Israel Universities Press.

Simon, Leon, and Leonard Stein. 1923. Awakening Palestine. London: John Murray.

Sinai, Anne, and Allen Pollack, eds. 1977. The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the West Bank. New York: American Academic Association for Peace in the Middle East.

Skolnikoff, Eugene. 1967. Science, Technology and American Foreign Policy. Boston: MIT Press.

Slater, Robert. 1991. Warrior Statesman: The Life of Moshe Dayan. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Sofer, Arnon. 1991. "The Litani River: Reality and Imagination." Draft.

——, and Nurit Kliot. 1988. "Regional Water Resources." Jerusalem: Israel Ministry of Defence. (Hebrew.)

Solanes, Miguel. 1987. "The International Law Commission and Legal Principles Related to the Non-navigational Uses of the Waters of International Rivers." Natural Resources Forum.

Spector, Lea, and George Gruen. 1980 "Waters of Controversy: Implications for the Arab-Israel Peace Process." American Jewish Committee (December): 1-11. Draft.

Stanhill, Gerald, and Camelia Rapaport. 1988. "Temporal and Spatial Variation in the Volume of Rain Falling Annually in Israel." Israel Journal of Earth-Sciences 37: 211-221.

Starr, Joyce. 1991. "Water Wars." Foreign Policy (82) (Spring).

——.1992. "Middle East Water Security Framework." Presented at a Conference at the Council on Foreign Relations, June.

——, and Daniel Stoll. 1987. U.S. Foreign Policy on Water Resources in the Middle East. Washington: Center for Strategic and International Studies.

——, and Daniel Stoll, eds. 1988. The Politics of Scarcity: Water in the Middle East. Boulder: Westview Press.

State of Israel. 1974. "Projections for the Future of Judea and Samaria on the Future of Water in Israel." Memorandum, Water Commissioner Menahem Cantor to Prime Minister Rabin and Agricultural Minister Uzan. 4 August. Unpublished. (Hebrew.)

——.1977a. "Minutes of Meeting, 6 May 1977." Unpublished.

——.1977b. "Recommendations of a Special Committee on Evaluation of Water Policy." Memorandum, Water Commissioner Cantor to Prime Minister Begin. 19 June. Unpublished. (Hebrew.)

——.1977c. "The Water Situation in the Gaza Strip." Memorandum, Assistant Water Commissioner Arlazorov to Israel Galilee. 15 June. Unpublished. (Hebrew. )

——, Environmental Protection Service. 1988. The Environment in Israel. 4th ed. Jerusalem: State of Israel, Environmental Protection Service.

——, Foreign Ministry. 1977. "Memorandum on Water in the Golan Heights, Judea and Samaria, and the Jordan Valley." 7 March. Unpublished. (Hebrew.)

——, Israel State Archives. 1981. Documents on the Foreign Policy of Israel. Jerusalem: State of Israel.

——, Ministry of Agriculture. 1989. "Water Security for the State of Israel Today and in the Future." Memorandum, Minister of Agriculture Katz-Oz to Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir. 14 May. Unpublished. (Hebrew.)

——.1990. Hydrological Year-Book of Israel: 1986-1988. Jerusalem: State of Israel, Ministry of Agriculture.

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