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Table 3. Nutrient data banks in the Nordic countries: Norway, 1985
|System owner||The Section for Dietary Research||NUME Co., Ltd.||Ianum-Norli Publisher Co.,Ltd||Ianum-Norli Publisher Co., Ltd.|
|Address||University of Oslo Pb 11 17 Blindern N-0317 Oslo 3, Norway||Ivetenveien 152, Iveita N-0671 Oslo 6, Norway||Kr. Augustgt. 7A N-0164 Oslo 1, Norway||Kr. Augustgt. 7A N-0164 Oslo 1, Norway|
|System name in operation since||1969; new version, 1980||1985||1982||1984|
|Nutrient data sources||Food composition tables - Norwegian,1984, Swedish, 1978, British 1978, German, 1981, USA USDA Agriculture Handbook No. 8, 1963; product information from food industry||Food composition tables Norwegian, 1984, Swedish, 1978 Danish 1983, German, 1981, British, 1978, USA USDA Agricul ture Handbook No. 8-1||Food composition table - Norwegian, 1977||Food composition table - Norwegian, 1977|
|Number of (a) foods, (b) recipes, (c) aggregated foods, a-b, a-c||(a) 800; (b) 1,000||(a-c) 1,600||(a) 700||(a) 256|
|Other components/food||Food cost data, standard and own measures|
|Nutrition recommendation||No||Norwegian Nutrition Recommendations||Danish Nutrition Recommendations||Norwegian Nutrition Recommendations|
|Nutrient losses and gains; factors||No|
|System is used by||The staff of the Section||Nutritionists and dietitians with high competence (dietetiker)||Stabekk, College of Education for Domestic Science, and Elvebakken School||Elementary school|
|System is suited for||Nutrition surveys; research||Nutrition surveys; research; diet planning; special diet planning; menu planning||Diet planning; menu planning; education||Education|
|System is used for||Calculation of nutrients||Calculation of nutrients||Calculation of nutrients; optimize recipes||Calculation of nutrients; calculation of costs|
|Computer||DEC 1099 (2CPU DEC 1090)||DEC||ABC 80||IIKI|
|Operating data-base||TOPS 7.02||MS DOS|
|Nutrient data-base system||No||Yes||Yes; on floppy disk|
|Nutrient data base||No||Yes||Yes|
Table 4. Nutrient data banks in the Nordic countries: Sweden, 1985
|System owner||The National Food Administration (NFA)||Gothenburg University Computer Centre||Stockholm County Council Mariana Atterhult/Lena||Diet and Nutrition Data Co., Ltd.|
|Contact person||Lena Bergstrom||Monica Abrahamson||Kanstrom||Lillemor Wallentinson|
|Address||Box 622 S-751 26 Uppsala. Sweden||Kapeligangen 5 Box 190 70 S-400 12 Gothenburg Sweden||Box 9106 S-102 72 Stockholm Sweden||Bradakersvagen 7 S-217 63 Malmo, Sweden|
|Telephone||+46 18 17 55 00, 17 57 30||+46 31 60 30 29||+46 8 737 25 00||+46 40 91 55 30|
|Telex||76121 SLVUPS S|
|in operation since||1981||1982||1983||1969|
|Nutrient data sources||Food composition tables - Swedish, 1978, USA USDA Agriculture Handbook No. 8, 1963, British, 1978, German, 1981; own analy ses, product information from food industry||Food composition tables - see NFA; own analyses; product information||Food composition tables - Swedish, 1978; product information||Food composition tables Swedish, 1978; product information|
|Number of (a) foods, (b) recipes, (c) aggregated foods, a-b, a-c||(a) 850; (b) 400; (c) 130||(a) 840; (b-c) 510||(a) 2,000||(a) 1,500|
|Other components/food||Food cost data||Food cost data|
|Nutrition recommendation||Swedish Nutrition Recommendations||No||Swedish Nutrition Recommendations; recommendations for special diets||Swedish Nutrition Recom mendations; recommenda tions for special diets|
|Nutrient losses and gains; factors||Yes||Yes||No||No|
|System is used by||The Administration; some departments of the universities of Uppsala and Stockholm||The Departments of Clinical Nutrition and of Home Economics Education||The staff of food service departments in hospitals, dietitians, etc.||Regional and local authorities; private firms|
|System is suited for||Nutrition surveys, especially large ones; diet planning; special diet planning; menu planning; research; education||Nutrition surveys; diet planning; special diet planning; menu planning; research; education||Nutrition surveys; diet planning; special diet planning; menu planning; research||Nutrition surveys; diet planning; special diet planning; menu planning; research; education|
|System is used for||Calculation of nutrients; calculation of statistical parameters; optimize recipes; food frequency; meal pattern||Calculation of nutrients||Calculation of nutrients; calculation of costs||Calculation of nutrients; calculation of costs; optimize recipes; nutrition labelling|
|Computer||Nord 100/CX||IBM 3033||ABC 800||FACII, ABC 80, ABC 800, IBM-PC|
|Program source||Own||SAS Gothenburg Computer Centre|
|Operating data-base management system||Sintran III VSE MIMER||GUTS terminal system, SAS||ABC DOS, EM DOS Own||Modified to each computer type|
|Access||Modem or terminals||Modem, terminals|
|Nutrient data-base system||Yes; on magnetic tape||No||No||Yes; on floppy disk|
|Nutrient data base||Yes; on magnetic tape||No||No||No|
|Services||Nutrition surveys; menu planning; diet planning; calculation of nutrients, etc.||Calculations of nutrients, menu planning, etc.|
|Comments||A new version 1986, with e.g. 105 nutrients|
Table 3. Nutrient data banks in the Nordic countries: Iceland, 1985
|System owner||The Icelandic Nutritional Council|
|Contact person||Jon Ottar Ragnarsson|
|Address||Sigtun 1 IS-105 Reykjavik, Iceland|
|Telephone||+3541 14 280|
|System name in operation since||1981|
|Nutrient data sources||Food composition tables - British, 1978, USA USDA Agriculture Handbook No. 8-1; own analyses|
|Number of (a) foods, (b) recipes, (c) aggregated foods, a-b, a-c||(a-c) 400|
|Nutrient losses and gains; factors|
|System is used by||The staff of the Icelandic|
|Nutrition Council and the|
|National Central Hospital|
|System is suited for||Nutrition surveys; planning of special diets; research|
|System is used for||Calculation of nutrients; optimize recipes|
|Program language||FORTRAN 4|
|Operating data-base||RSX 11M, V.3.2|
|management system||"Sequential file"|
|Nutrient data-base system||No|
|Nutrient data base||No|
Finland has at present five large nutrient data-base systems in operation, and an official one is being planned.
In the early 1970s a data-processing system for dietary surveys was established. This system has been used by the Department of Nutrition of the University of Helsinki, and by two research centres in Turku and Helsinki, mainly for research purposes. Since then the system of the university and of the research centres has developed into two different systems. The Departments of Nutrition and of Food Chemistry and Technology at the University of Helsinki, together with the National Public Health Institute, are now developing a new and more flexible data-processing system for food consumption surveys, while the research centres have designed their system for multi-purpose use.
The Research Centre for Household and Consumer Affairs and the State Computer Centre have programs for menu planning and nutrient calculation of diets.
At the end of the 1960s the Section for Dietary Research of the University of Oslo started to develop a nutrient data-base system. This is the oldest and most advanced system in Norway and a new version is now in use. In addition to this seven other systems exist. Five can be described as mostly educational: the two systems of the Tanum-Norli Publishing Co., the systems of the National Society for Nutrition and Health and the Norwegian College of Nutrition and Institutional Catering. The remaining two are mainly designed for diet and menu planning and analysis and are used preferably by nutritionists and dietitians.
The first steps towards an official nutrient data-base system have been taken and this will be ready for use in 1986.
The Icelandic Nutrition Council owns the only nutrient data-base system in Iceland. This system cannot be considered official until it has been further improved.
Tables 2-5 give data on the national or main nutrient data-base systems in Finland, Norway, Sweden, and Iceland. For further information on Nordic systems see the NORFOODS Directory of Nordic Nutrient Data Banks .
1. E. Abramson and B.-M. Andersson, Kosttabell, 7th ed. (Fesselte Studium, Stockholm, 1982).
2. P. Helms, Fodevaretabeller (Akademisk Forlag, Copenhagen, 1973-1975).
3. P. Helms, Naeringstoftabeller (Laegeforeningens Forlag, Copenhagen, 1978).
4. P. Koivistoinen, ea., Mineral Element Composition of Finnish Foods: N, K, Ca, Mg, P, S, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, Mo, Co, Ni, Cr, F, Se, Si, Rb, Al, B, Pr, Hg, As, Cd, Pb and Ash, (Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Suppl. 22 (Stockholm, 1980).
5. Matvaretabell, Statens ernaeringsrad, 5th rev. ed. (Landsforeningen for Kosthold og Helse, Oslo, 1984).
6. A. Møller, comp., Levnedsmiddeltabeller, 2nd rev. ed. (Levnedsmiddelstyrelsen, Soborg, 1986).
7. NORFOODS Directory of Nordic Nutrient Data Banks (in press).
8. J. O. Ragnarsson, O. Reykdal, G. Thorkelsson, D. Johannsdottir, G. Sigurthorsson, E. Hilmarsdottir, and A. Sigurdsson, Nutritional Value of Icelandic Processed Meat Products, RALA Report, no. 107 (Utgefandi, Rannsoknastofnun Landbunadarins, Agricultural Research Institute, Keldnaholt, Reykjavik, 1984).
9. Statens Livsmedelsverk, Lirsmedelstabeller: energi och vissa naringsamnenskolupplaga, 2nd rev. ed. (Statens Livsmedelsverk, Uppsala, 1984).
10. Statens Livsmedelsverk, Livsmedelstabeller: energi och vissa naringsamnen, 2nd rev. ed. (Statens Livsmedelsverk, Uppsala, in press).
11. O. Turpeinen, Ruoka-ainetaulukko [Food Composition Table] (Otava, Helsinki, 1985).
12. P. Varo, Kivennaisainetaulukko [The Mineral Element Table] (Otava, Helsinki, 1981).
13. P. Varo, R. Laine, K. Veijhalainen, A. Espo, A. Wetterhoff, and P. Koivistoinen, "Dietary Fiber and Available Carbohydrates in Finnish Vegetables and Fruits," J. Agr. Sci. Finland, 56: 49-59 (1984).
14. P. Varo, R. Laine, K. Veijalainen, K. Pero, and P. Koivistoinen, "Dietary Fiber and Available Carbohydrates in Finnish Cereal Products," J. Agr. Sci. Finland, 56: 39-48 (1984).
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