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Natural Resources and Rural Development in Arid Lands: Case Studies from Sudan


Table of contents (94 p.)


Edited by H. R. J. Davies

THE UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSITY

CONTRIBUTORS

M.E. Abu Sin-Lecturer, Department of Geography, University of Khartoum
A. A. Al-Awad-Research Student, Department of Geography, University of Khartoum
A. A. Babiker-Associate Professor of Geography, Faculty of Education, University of Khartoum
F. F. Bebawi-Lecturer, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum
H. R. J. Davies-Senior Lecturer, Department of Geography, University College of Swansea, Swansea, Wales, UK
G. A. El-Hag-Lecturer, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum
M. M. Khogali-Associate Professor, Department of Geography, University of Khartoum
Y. A. Mohammed-Lecturer, Department of Geography, University of Khartoum
H. A. Musnad-Lecturer, Institute of Forest Research, Sudan Ministry of Agriculture
M. Z. Shaddad-Lecturer, Department of Geology, University of Khartoum
S. A. El-Tayeb-Agriculturalist, Land Use and Rural Water Corporation, Sudan

The United Nations University, 1985

This report was prepared within the framework of the United Nations University's Programme on the Use and Management of Natural Resources. The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the United Nations University.

Mention of the names of firms and commercial products does not imply endorsement by the United Nations University.

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NRTS-24/UNUP-504
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United Nations Sales No. E.85.III.A.5
01500 P


Contents


Preface

Introduction

I. The production of Dura (Sorghum vulgare) in Sudan and the Parasite Buda (Striga hermonthica)

I.1. Dura and Buda

Research Outline
The importance of Dura in Sudan
Systems of Dura production and Buda infestation
Combating Buda

I.2. Livestock and Buda

Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
References

II. The impact of improved rural water supplies on the environment: The case of East Kordofan district

The problem
Objectives of the study
Data collection and methodology
Characteristics of the area under study
The government's rural water supply strategy
The social and economic impact of new rural water supplies
Ecological impact
Obstacles to better water resource use
Conclusions and recommendations
References

III. Wood resources and their use in the Nuba mountains

III.1. Energy and wood resources in Sudan and the Nuba mountains area

The problem reviewed
Wood resources and the demand for energy in Sudan
The study

III.2. Physical characteristics of the Nuba mountains area

Geomorphology
Climate
Soils and Vegetation

III.3. Wood resources and their use

The present wood resources position
Fuelwood consumption
Wood resources and agricultural land use
Wood for construction
Vegetative resources for furniture and craft industries
A model of wood resource misuse in the nuba mountains area

III.4. Conservation policy

Factors that have inhibited the adoption of a woodlands conservation programme
Government forest policy
The need for a new resource conservation policy
Recommendations for wood resource conservation

References

IV. Planners' and participants' perceptions of development in the semi-arid lands of Sudan: A case study of the Khashm el Girba scheme

The problem
The Khashm el Girba scheme
Differences in perception between planners, management, and participants in the scheme
Scheme participants' adaptive responses
Towards a restructuring of the scheme
Conclusions
References

Lessons to be learnt

Appendices


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