Reforming Africa’s Institutions: Ownership, Incentives, and Capabilities
2003, 440 pages
Edited by Steve Kayizzi-Mugerwa
There is not a single African country that did not attempt public sector reforms in the 1990s. Governments no longer see themselves as sole suppliers of social services, frequently opting for partnerships with the private sector. Efficiency and choice have entered the language of the planning and implementation units of Africa’s line ministries, while privatization is no longer the controversial subject it was a decade ago. There have also been moves towards more open and democratic governments.
Reforming Africa’s Institutions looks at the extent to which reforms undertaken in Sub-Saharan Africa in recent years have enhanced institutional capacities across the breadth of government. To what extent have reforms been internalized and defended by governments? The authors also look specifically at the impact of public sector reforms on these economies and pose the question whether ‘ownershipcan be attained when countries continue to be heavily dependent on external support.
The volume is presented in three parts. The first focuses on the issue of reform ownership; on the issues of governance, the political economy of reform ownership, and the contradictions inherent in using aid as an instrument for enhancing domestic reform ownership. Part two examines the nature of incentives in the African civil service and the reforms undertaken in recent years to raise public sector efficiency in Africa. The third part discusses issues related to institutional capabilities in Africa and how they have been affected by the reforms undertaken in the 1990s, including privatization and movement towards political pluralism.
Steve Kayizzi-Mugerwa has undertaken research on many African countries and published widely on issues related to growth, economic adjustment, and poverty reduction. Formerly an Associate Professor of Economics at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, he is now attached to the IMF’s Independent Evaluation Office in Washington, DC. During 2000-1, he directed the project on Institutional Capabilities, Reform Ownership and Development in sub-Saharan Africa at the United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER) in Helsinki.
Table of Contents:Introduction
Part I: The Political Economy of Reform Ownership
Governance and policy in Africa
Owning Economic Reforms: A comparative study of Ghana and Tanzania
Do donors matter for institutional reform in Africa
Zambian policy making and the donor community in the 1990's
Part II: Incentive structures and incentives in the public sector
Economic and institutional reforms in French speaking West Africa: Impact on efficiency and growth
Reform of the Malawian public sector: Incentives, governance and accountability
Incentive structure and efficiency in the Kenyan civil service
Incentive structure, civil service efficiency and the hidden economy in Nigeria
The Mozambican civil service: Incentives, reforms and performance
Part III: Developing Institutional Capabilities
Privatization in sub-Saharan Africa: On factors affecting implementation
Decentralization, local bureaucracies and service delivery in Uganda
Institutional development in Africa: The case of insolvency law
Non-formal institutions, informal economies, and the politics of inclusion
Relevance of the Nordic model for African development
List of Contributors: Tony Addison
Moses L. Golola
Steve Kayizzi-Mugerwa Damiano Kulundu Manda
Aili Mari Tripp
Yvonne M. Tsikata
Hendrik van der Heijden