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News and notes


The Tanzanian Food and Nutrition Centre celebrated its twentieth anniversary on 6 December 1993. Among its major achievements have been:

» the development of a food and nutrition policy for Tanzania,

» the development of a conceptual framework for the analysis of malnutrition problems,

» the creation of awareness on nutrition among decision makers and the public at large,

» collaboration with various international agencies and ministries in the development and implementation of community-based nutrition programmes related to child survival and development.

The Food and Nutrition Bulletin extends its congratulations and best wishes to the Tanzanian Food and Nutrition Centre for many more years of valuable contributions to the improvement of food and nutrition in Tanzania.


Editorial: International congresses.

Over the years, an increasing number of us have attended a rather sizeable number of congresses— international, world, continental, domestic, and so on. In discussions concerning these congresses, the above "increasing number," who are also increasing in the age factor, seem to have a consensus.

Big congresses tend to focus on attracting, in our case, paediatricians and related health professionals from as many different countries as possible, every three years for example. It is understandable, then, that for the duration of a congress the attendees have before them a concentrated programme of plenary sessions, seminars, colloquia, exhibits, not to mention attractive social activities. It's all rather daunting.

Some of the more senior "regulars" say they prefer to read papers rather than listen to them, and they raise a question: Could not the objectives of a congress be achieved by collecting and distributing abstracts? One objective could, for sure. But only one.

The other elements of a successful congress include providing a background for great numbers of paediatric and sub-specialty individuals from various developing and developed countries to communicate—both in session discussions and individually. The successful congress also provides a forum for meeting new and old acquaintances, for stimulating attendees by occasional high-standard, perhaps provocative, presentations vectoring on a worldwide child health problem. Our more senior health professionals need to remember that successful congresses also provide an arena for the more junior colleagues to perform and for commercial interests in child health to show their wares.

Since successful congresses require a huge amount of time and money to organize, they do need, today, a strong defence so that they may continue.

—Frank Falkner
Editor in Chief
International Child Health



Low-cost newsletters and journals of interest to nutritionists

The following English-language publications give up-to-date information on applied human nutrition. Most are free to individuals, institutions, and/or libraries in "low-income" countries—but check before you order. Some publications are also free to workers in "industrialized" countries.

The Nutrition Society hopes to update this list in one or two years and so requests readers to send other relevant newsletters from their own countries or institutions to the Executive Secretary, Nutrition Society, 10 Cambridge Court, 210 Shepherds Bush, London W6 7NJ, UK.

Publications covering mainly nutrition

Publications covering nutrition and other topics



In table 1 of "History of the INCAP Longitudinal Study on the Effects of Early Nutrition Supplementation in Child Growth and Development" by Merrill S. Read and Jean-Pierre Habicht, Food and Nutrition Bulletin, vol. 14, no. 3 (Sept. 1992), p. 172, the nationality of Dr. Victor Valverde should have been given as Costa Rica.


Food and Nutrition Bulletin peer review policy

The Food and Nutrition Bulletin is a peer-reviewed journal. Every article submitted first receives editorial review. If it is consistent with the editorial policy of the Bulletin (see the statement of policy inside the front cover) and is not obviously deficient in some way, it is sent to two or sometimes three experienced and knowledgeable reviewers. Occasionally a paper may be returned to the authors by the editor with suggestions for improvement before it is submitted to the reviewers.

If two reviewers agree that the paper should be published in the Bulletin, it is accepted and either sent immediately for copy editing or returned to the authors for consideration of suggestions from the reviewers and the editor. If both reviewers agree that the paper should not be accepted, the editor writes a personal letter to the authors explaining the reason and enclosing the comments of the reviewers anonymously. If the reviewers do

not agree with each other, either the paper is sent to a third reviewer or a decision is taken by the editor. In these cases, the authors are usually given a chance to respond to the reviewers' comments.

The Bulletin continues to give high priority to manuscripts based on work in developing countries, especially from local institutions and authors. It is desirable for papers to be submitted typed with double spacing, with the English as carefully edited as locally possible. However, the quality of the English is not a significant consideration in the decision to accept or reject a manuscript, because this can be improved by the editorial office. (Note that the Bulletin also accepts papers written in French or Spanish. See the Notes for contributors at the back of this issue.) Inclusion of a computer diskette with the manuscript greatly facilitates the editorial process.

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