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Published by the United Nations University Press, Tokyo, Japan.
Food and Nutrition Bulletin
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The Food and Nutrition Bulletin incorporates and continues the PAG Bulletin of the former Protein-Calorie Advisory Group of the United Nations system and is published quarterly by the United Nations University Press in collaboration with the United Nations ACC Sub-committee on Nutrition. The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the United Nations University or the ACC Sub-committee on Nutrition.
All correspondence concerning the content of the Bulletin, comments, news, and notices should he sent to the editor at the Cambridge office address given above. All material may be freely reproduced provided acknowledgement is given and a copy of the publication containing the reproduction is sent to the Bulletin.
The Food and Nutrition Bulletin is intended to make available policy analyses, state-of-the-art summaries, and original scientific articles relating to multidisciplinary efforts to alleviate the problems of hunger and malnutrition in the developing world. It is not intended for the publication of scientific articles of principal interest only to individuals in a single discipline or within a single country or region. Notices of relevant books and other publications will be published if they are received for review. The Bulletin is also a vehicle for notices of forthcoming international meetings that satisfy the above criteria and for summaries of such meetings.
The Food and Nutrition Bulletin also serves as the principal outlet for the publication of reports of working groups and other activities of the UN ACC Sub-committee on Nutrition (SCN) and its Advisory Group on Nutrition. The SCN itself is a focal point for co-ordinating activities of FAO, WHO, UNICEF, the UNU, Unesco, the World Bank, the World Food Programme, the World Food Council, the United Nations Environment Programme, and other bodies of the United Nations system which have an interest in food and nutrition.
Unsolicited manuscripts of articles of the type published in this and previous issues may be sent to the editor at the Cambridge office address given above. They must be typed, double-spaced, with complete references and must include original copy for any figures used (see the "Note for contributors" in the back of this issue). All articles submitted will be reviewed promptly and the author will be notified of the editorial decision. Any disciplinary or conceptual approach relevant to problems of world hunger and malnutrition is welcome, and controversy over some of the articles is anticipated. Letters to the editor are encouraged and will be printed if judged to have an adequate basis and to be of sufficient general interest.
It is expressly understood that articles published in the Bulletin do not necessarily represent the views of the United Nations University or of any United Nations organization. The views expressed and the accuracy of the information on which they are based are the responsibility of the authors. Some articles in the Bulletin are reports of various international committees and working groups and do represent the consensus of the individuals involved; whether or not they also represent the opinions or policies of the sponsoring organizations is expressly stated.
The United Nations University (UNU) is an organ of the United Nations established by the General Assembly in 1972 to be an international community of scholars engaged in research, advanced training, and the dissemination of knowledge related to the pressing global problems of human survival, development, and welfare. Its activities focus mainly on peace and conflict resolution, development in a changing world, and science and technology in relation to human welfare. The University operates through a worldwide network of research and postgraduate training centres, with its planning and co-ordinating headquarters in Tokyo. Japan.
The United Nations University Press, the publishing division of the UNU, publishes scholarly books and periodicals in the social sciences, humanities, and pure and applied natural sciences related to the University's research.
Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Editor: Dr. Nevin S. Scrimshaw
Assistant Editor: Ms. Edwina B. Murray
Editorial Consultant: Ms. Sarah Jeffries
Dr. Hernán Delgado, Director, Institute of Nutrition of
Central America and Panama (INCAP), Guatemala City, Guatamala
Dr. Cutberto Garza, Director and Professor, Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., USA
Dr. Peter Pellet, Professor, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Mass., USA
Dr. Aree Valyasevi, Professor and Institute Consultant, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Food and Nutrition Bulletin, vol. 13, no. 2
(c) The United Nations University, 1991
United Nations University Press
The United Nations University, Toho Seimei Building
15-1 Shibuya 2-chome, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150, Japan
Tel.: (03) 3499-2811 Fax: (03) 3499-2828
Telex: J25442 Cable: UNATUNIV TOKYO
Typeset by Asco Trade Typesetting Limited, Hong Kong Printed by Permanent Typesetting and Printing Co. Ltd, Hong Kong
At the annual meeting of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) held in April 1990 in Washington, D.C., a subgroup of members involved in international nutrition research joined together to establish the Society for International Nutrition Research as a special-interest group of the American Institute of Nutrition. One of the objectives of the new society is to foster communication among scientists involved in international nutrition by organizing periodic seminars and symposia. In line with this goal, the society sponsored its first Symposium on International Nutrition during the week of the FASEB meeting.
The topic of the symposium, "The Importance of Dietary Quality versus Quantity for Older Infants and Young Children of Less Developed Countries," was chosen both to highlight new information emerging from field studies in economically disadvantaged communities and to stress the importance of these findings for nutrition policies and programmes in those settings. Accordingly, the symposium featured presentations of recent research examining the relationships between different aspects of dietary quality or micronutrient supplementation and a variety of functional outcomes for young children. It closed with a discussion of the ways in which international nutrition research might appropriately exert the greatest influence on the planning and implementation of nutrition programmes in less developed countries. The six papers presented follow.
The authors of these papers appreciate the kind support of Richard G. Allison, Samuel J. Fomon, and members of the Council of the American Institute of Nutrition; Nevin S. Scrimshaw of the Food and Nutrition Bulletin; the reviewers of the individual manuscripts; Marguerite L. Taylor, who assisted with administrative arrangements for the symposium and publication of the proceedings; and Ross Laboratories, which provided financial assistance.
- Kenneth H. Brown, M.D. Guest Editor
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