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News and notes

WHO Special Programme on AIDS

Breast-feeding and HIV infection

In view of the importance of breast milk and breast- feeding for the health of infants and young children, and of the increasing prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in many parts of the world, a consultation on Breast-feeding/Breast Milk and HIV Infection was organized by the Special Programme on AIDS and the Division of Family Health in Geneva, 23-25 June 1987. Its purpose was to review current information on the potential for transmission of HIV in breast milk through breast feeding and to identify further research needs in this area. Twenty-two participants from 15 countries, representing the fields of epidemiology, immunology, virology, paediatrics, and nutrition, attended the consultation.

The meeting consensus included the following statements:

Breast-feeding should continue to be promoted, supported and protected in both developing and developed countries.

In individual situations where the mother is considered to be HlV-infected, and recognizing the difficulties inherent in assessing the infection status of the newborn, the known and potential benefits of breast-feeding would be compared to the theoretical, but apparently small, incremental risk to the infant of becoming infected through breast-feeding.

(The full consensus statement, SPA/INF/87.8, was published in the Weekly Epidemiological Record, no. 33, August 1987.)

A technical working group has been set up to prepare short-term and long-term research strategies to examine the complex issue of perinatal transmission of HIV and the relation of breast-feeding to infection in infancy.

(WHO Progress Report no. 2, November 1987)


International Union of Food Science and Technology

At the 1987 general assembly of the International Union of Food Science and Technology (lUFoST) the following officers and members of the Executive Committee were selected to serve for 1987-1991:

President: Prof. E. Von Sydow (Sweden) Past President: Dr. R. L. Hall (USA)

Vice Presidents: Prof. J. F. Diehl (Federal Republic of Germany), Prof. A. Rutkowski (Poland)

Secretary-General: Dr. D. E. Hood (Ireland) Treasurer: Dr. F. Escher (Switzerland)

Executive members: Prof. P. A. Biacs (Hungary), Prof. O. R. Fennema (USA), Prof. M. Kanamori (Japan), Prof. P. Linko (Finland), Mr. E. R. Mendez (Mexico)

Prof. J. Hawthorne, Dr. J. H. Hulse, and Mr. J. F. Kefford have been invited to continue to serve as special invitees on the Executive Committee. In accordance with lUFoST practice at the time of each general assembly, all existing committees and working parties were dissolved, and a new committee structure was established, with chairmen as indicated: Congress Advisory Committee: Prof. P. Linko (Finland)

Scientific Activities Committee: Prof. P. Biacs (Hungary)

Constitution Committee: Mr. J. F. Kefford (Australia)

Membership Committee: Prof. A. Rutkowski (Poland)

International Liaison Committee: Dr. J. H. Hulse (Canada)

Food, Nutrition, and Biotechnology Committee (a joint committee with IUNS): Prof. J. F. Diehl (Federal Republic of Germany)

Commission on Food Composition and Safety: Dr. R. L. Hall (USA)

Education Commission: Mr. E. R. Mendez (Mexico)

Thermal Processing Commission: Prof. D. Lund (USA)-with the following subcommissions: Canning and aseptic processing, Prof. D. Lund (USA); Extrusion cooking, Prof. J-C. Cheftel (France); Chilling, freezing, and thawing, Prof. R. L. Earle (New Zealand); Microwave, electroconductive and infrared processing, Dr. T. Ohlsson (Sweden)


Vitamin-A information service

Manoff International provides technical assistance in social marketing of vitamin A to US private and voluntary organizations working in developing countries. The activity is funded by the Office of Nutrition of the US Agency for International Development through a co-operative agreement with the International Center for Epidemiologic and Preventive Ophthalmology at Johns Hopkins University.

Because of the highly significant potential of vitamin A in child survival, there is need for up-to-date information on public health programmes and on medical and scientific breakthroughs in this area. Manoff International is providing packets containing background stories on research findings and intervention programmes concerning vitamin A. To receive packets of information at no charge, send your name or that of your institution and the address to: Manoff International, Suite 420, 2001 S Street NW, Washington, DC 20009, USA; telephone (202) 2657469; telex (650) 262-4495 MCI UW.


Recent and Forthcoming UNU Publications on Food and Nutrition

Effective Communications for Nutrition In Primary Health Care

Edited by Joan E Andersen and Aree Valyasevi

Concentrating on the experiences of developing countries, this book advocates the effective communication of nutrition and health information as a key component of primary health care. It provides a framework for evaluating nutrition communications needs, methodological guidelines, and suggestions for programme evaluation.

WHTR-11/UNUP-634 ISBN 92-B08-0634-3
220 pages, 16.4 x 23.9 cm, paper-bound, US$20

Food Composition Data: A User's


Edited by William Al. Rand, Carol T. Windham, Bonita W. Wyse, and Vernon R.. Young

Knowledge of the composition of the foods eaten around the world is of critical importance for research and policy in public health, dietetics, and nutrition. Data on food composition, however, are extremely inadequate. This volume, examining the current problems of the field and what is needed to improve the situation, provides an essential introduction and survey of the subject for anyone who will be involved in gathering, compiling, or using food composition data. It will also be a useful reference for university courses on food and nutrition.

WHTR- 10/UNUP-633 ISBN 92-B08-0633-5
240 pages, 16.4 x 23.9 cm, paper-bound, US$20

Interfaces between Agriculture, Nutrition, and Food Science

Edited by K. I. Achaya

This book aims at providing higher quality foods to improve people's nutritional status by developing strategies for more effective co-ordination between agricultural production and post-harvest technology and their impacts on human nutrition. It is the report of a workshop dealing specifically with South Asia but focuses on food grains and legumes that form the staple diet of about 800 million people throughout the semi-arid tropics.

WHTR-7/UNUP-47B ISBN 92-808-0478-2
408 pages, 16.5x23.5cm,paper-bound, US$30

Nutrition and Development

Edited by Margaret R. Biswas and Per Pinstrup-Andersen

This publication, now available in paperback, aims to define the nature of the problems of malnutrition in all its dimensions and examine the impact of development policies. It stresses the need for integrating nutrition, health, and population programmes for sustained development. Case studies from India and Indonesia are included.

DSDB- 12/UNUP-526
ISBN 0-19-Z61443-6 (hardcover)
ISBN 0- 19-261734 6 (paper-bound)
190 pages, 16 x 24 cm
Published with Oxford University Press. Order from Oxford University Press, Walton Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, UK


Rapid Assessment Procedures for Nutrition and Primary Health Care: Anthropological Approaches to Improving Programme Effectiveness

by Susan C.M. Scrimshaw and Elena Hurtado

Rapid Assessment Procedures refers to a simple, quick method of evaluating nutrition and primary health care programmes; its significance lies in its ability to produce immediately useful information for the improvement of programme activities quickly and cheaply. The guide includes sample data collection instruments, examples of field techniques, and a discussion of data management and analysis.

DSDB- 18/UNUP-661 ISBN 0-B7903- 111 -5
80 pages, 21.7 x 27.8 cm, paper-bound
Also available in Spanish.

Published with the UCLA Latin American Center. Order from the UCLA Latin American Center, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA.


How to Order Publications

A complete list of UNU publications is available from the University. Except as otherwise indicated above, publications may be ordered by writing to: Academic Publication Services, The United Nations University, Toho Seimei Building, 15-1 Shibuya 2-chome, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150, Japan.

Microform Publishing :All UNU publications can be obtained on microfiche.

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