Contents - Previous

This is the old United Nations University website. Visit the new site at

Programme on food, nutrition, biotechnology, and poverty

Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama (INCAP)
Carretera Roosevelt, Zona 11, Guatemala City, Guatemala.
Tel. 43762. Cable: INCAP GUATEMALA. Co-ordinator:
Dr. Maarten D. C. Immink

The Nutrition Center of the Philippines (NCP)
Nutrition Center of the Philippines Bldg., South Super Highway,
Nichols Interchange, Makati, Metro Manila 3116, Philippines.
Tel. 85-30-71 to -79. Cable; NUTRICEN MANILA. Co-ordinator:
Dr. Mercedes de Solon

Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI)
Mysore 570013, India. Tel. 22298. Cable: UNVERCENT MYSORE.
Telex: 0846-241 FTRI IN. Co-ordinator: Dr. B. L. Amla

Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INTA)
University of Chile, Casilla 15138, Santiago 11, Chile, Tel.
214105, 214030. Cable; INTA CHILE. Co-ordinator Dr. Jose

The International Food and Nutrition Policy and Planning Program,
Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard School of
Public Health (IFNP)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 20A-201, Cambridge,
Mass. 02139, USA. Tel. 1617) 253-7617. Cable: MIT CAM.
Telex: 92-1473 MIT CAM. Co-ordinator: Dr. William M. Rand

Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ife
Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Tel.: 2290-2299 (10 lines). Co-ordinator: Dr. J. O.

Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Ghana (DNFS)
P.O. Box 134, Legon, Ghana. Cable: UNIVERSITY LEGON.
Co-ordinator: Dr. R. Orraca-Tetteh

Universidad del Valle (UVC)
Apartado Aéreo 20353, Cali, Colombia. Co-ordinator: Dr. Luis

Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University (INMU)
Salaya Campus, c/o Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine,
Ramathibodi Hospital, Rama VI Road, Bangkok 4, Thailand.
Tel. 282-6435. Co-ordinator: Dr. Aree Valyasevi

University of the West Indies (UWI)
St. Augustine Campus: Faculty of Agriculture, Department of
Crop Science, St. Augustine, Trinidad. Tel. 662-7171. Cable:
STOMATA PORT OF SPAIN. Resident Co-ordinator: Dr. Lloyd
Rankine. Mona Campus: Tropical Metabolism Research Unit, Mona,
Kingston 7, Jamaica. Tel. 927-6661. Cable: UNIVERS JAMAICA.
Contact: Dr. Michael Golden

National Food Research Institute (NFRI)
2-1-2 Kannondai, Yatabe-machi, Tsukuba-gun, Ibaraki-ken 300-21,
Japan. Tel. 02975-6-8011. Co-ordinator: Dr. Keiji Umeda

Netherlands International Nutrition Institute (NINI)
Lawickse Allee 11, P.O. Box 88, 6700 AB, Wageningen, Netherlands.
Tel. (08370) 19040. Co-ordinator: Dr. Joseph Hautvast

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Keppel Street (Gower Street), London WC1 E 7HT, UK. Tel.
01-636 8636. Co-ordinator: Dr. Philip Payne

Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)
P.O. Box 131, Cheongryang, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Tel. (967)
8801. Cable: KISTROK. Telex: KISTROK K 27380. Co-ordinator:
Dr. Tai-Wan Kwon

Institute of Agricultural Chemistry and Food Technology (IATA)
Jaime Roig 11, Valencia 10, Spain. Tel. 369-08-00. Cable: IATA
Valencia 10, Spain. Co-ordinator: Dr. Salvador Barber

Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka (INFS)
Dhaka-2, Bangladesh. Tel. 500288. Cable: NUTRITION DHAKA.
Co-ordinator: Dr. Kamal Ahmad

University of Guelph
Guelph, Ontario, Canada NIG 2W1. Tel. (519) 824-4120. Telex:
UOFG INAT GLPH 069-56645. Co-ordinator: Dr. H. C. Clark

University of São Paulo (USP)
School of Public Health, Avenida Dr. Arnaldo, 715, São Paulo,
S.P., Brazil. Co-ordinator: Dr. Ruy Laurenti

University of Nairobi (UNK)
Department of Food Science and Technology and Community
Medicine, Faculties of Agriculture and Medicine, Kabete Campus,
P.O. Box 41607, Nairobi, Kenya. Co-ordinator: Dr. A. A.


Through INCAP:
Instituto Centroamericano de Investigación y Tecnologia Industrial
(ICAITI), Guatemala City, Guatemala (Dr. Carlos Rolz)
Central American Institute of Corporation Management (INCAE),
Costa Rica (Dr. John C. Ickis)

Through NCP:
University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Los Baños,
Philippines Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Manila,

Through CFTRI:
National Institute of Nutrition (NIN), Indian Council of Medical
Research, Hyderabad, India (Dr. M. Mohanram)

Through IFNP:
- Department of Nutrition, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., USA (Dr. M. C. Nesheim)
- Departments of Nutrition and Medical Anthropology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Conn., USA /Dr. Gretel Pelto)
- Tufts University School of Nutrition, Medford, Mass. (Dr. Stanley N. Gershoff), and Division of Geographic Medicine, Department of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Mass., USA (Dr. Gerald T. Keusch)
- Department of Communications, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., USA
- School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md., USA (Dr. Kenneth Brown)
- Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Mass., USA (Dr. Peter Pellett)
- School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles,
Calif., USA (Dr. Snehendu B. Kar)

Through UWI:
Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute (CFNI), Kingston, Jamaica (Dr. A. W. Patterson)

Through NFRI:
Tokyo University of Agriculture, Tokyo, Japan

Through NINI:
International Course in Food Science and Nutrition (ICFSN),
Wageningen, Netherlands (Dr. M. L. J. Mertens)
Department of Human Nutrition, Agricultural University,
Wageningen, Netherlands (Dr. P. Middelburg)
Department of Tropical Nutrition, Royal Tropical Institute,
Amsterdam, Netherlands (Prof. J. Kusin)
Division for Nutrition and Food Research, TNO, Zeist,
Netherlands (Prof. B. Krol)
Netherlands Universities Foundation for International Co operation (NUFFIC), The Hague, Netherlands (Dr. C. W. Klugkist)
Food Research Institute, Norwich, UK (Dr. David Southgate)

Through the British Council:
Tropical Development and Research Institute (TDRI), London, UK
Department of Food Science, University of Reading, UK
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Queen Elizabeth House, Oxford, UK
Institute of Child Health, University of London, London, UK
Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
Agricultural Research Council, Food Research Institute, Norwich, UK
University of Reading, Reading, UK (Dr. Harry Nursten)

Through KAIST:
Korea University, Korea Nutrition Research Institute, Seoul,
Republic of Korea (Dr. Jin Soon Ju)
Korea University, Food Research Center, College of Agriculture,
Seoul, Republic of Korea (Dr. Cherl-Ho Lee)

Through IATA:
Instituto de Nutrición, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones
Científicos de Espana, Madrid, Spain (Dr. Gregorio Varela)

Through USP:
State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil

Direct Co-operative Relationship
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington,
D.C., USA (Dr. Per Pinstrup-Andersen)

International Scientific Unions
International Union of Food Science and Technology (IUFoST)
International Union of Nutrition Sciences (IUNS)

In the United Nations system, the UNU Programme on Food,
Nutrition, Biotechnology, and Poverty co-operates with the appropriate units or divisions of the following organizations with which the University has memoranda of understanding.
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD)

World Health Organization (WHO)
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)

The University is represented on the Administrative Committee on
Co-ordination-Sub-committee on Nutrition (SCN)


Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INTA), University of Chile, Casilla 15138, Santiago 11, Chile. Principal investigator: Dr. Tomas Walter

Venezuelan Institute of Scientific Research (IVIC), Apartado 1827, Caracas, Venezuela. Principal investigator: Dr. Miguel Layrisse

Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University (INMU), Salaya Campus, c/o Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Rama VI Road, Bangkok 4, Thailand. Principal investigator: Dr. Aree Valyasevi

Nutrition Research and Development Centre, Komplek GIZI, Jalan Semboja. Bogor, Indonesia. Principal investigator: Dr. Darwin Karyadi institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama (INCAP), Carretera Roosevelt, Zona 11, Guatemala City, Guatemala. Principal Investigator: Dr. Benjamin Torún

National Research Centre, National Academy of Sciences, Cairo, Egypt. Principal investigator: Dr. Sohair Salem

National Institute of Nutrition, Cairo, Egypt. Principal investigator: Dr. Mohammed A. Hussein

National Institute of Hygiene, Yungan Hsi-lee, Chien Kuo Men-wai, Beijing, People's Republic of China. Principal investigator: Dr. Chen-ting Chin

Beijing Medical College-UNICEF, Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Beijing, People's Republic of China. Principal investigator: Dr. Shiu-yun Liu

Institute of Public Health, Zagreb, Yugoslavia. Principal investigator: Dr. Ratko Buzina

Institute of Public Health, Rockefellerova 7, Zagreb, Yugoslavia. Principal investigator: Dr. Ratko Buzina


Division of Nutrition, National Institute of Nutrition, Calle Vasco de Quiroga No. 15 Col. y Deleg. Tialpan, 14,000 Mexico, D.F., Mexico. Principal investigator: Dr. Hector Bourges

Instituto de Nutritión y Tecnologia de los Alimentos, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 15138, Santiago 11, Chile. Principal investigator: Dr. Jose Riumallo

National Institute of Nutrition, Via Ardeatina 546, Rome, Italy. Principal investigator: Dr. Anna Ferro-Luzzi

Ethiopian Nutrition Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Principal investigator: Dr. Teshome Demeke

Universidad del Valle, Departamento de Pediatría, Facultad de Medicina, Apartado Aereo 2188, Cali, Colombia. Principal investigator: Dr. Julio C. Reina

Nutrition Research and Development Centre, Komplek GIZI, Jalan Semboja, Bogor, Indonesia. Principal investigator: Dr. Darwin Karyadi

Nutrition Research Centre, St. John's Medical College, Bangalore 560 034, India. Principal investigator: Dr. Prakash S. Shetty

Institute of Health, Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine, 10 Tian Tan Xili, Beijing, People's Republic of China. Principal investigator: Dr. Chen Xue-cun

University of the West Indies, Kingston 7, Jamaica. Principal investigator: Dr. Sally McGregor


Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama (INCAP) (for Central America), P.O. Box 1188, Guatemala City, Guatemala. Principal investigator: Lic. Elena Hurtado

Instituto de Nutrición y Tecnologia de los Alimentos, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 15138, Santiago 11, Chile. Principal investigator: Dr. María de la Luz Alvarez

Universidad Javeriana, Bogota, Colombia. Professors María E. Romero and Adela Morales de Look.

UNICEF-Haiti, Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Principal investigator: Dr. Maria D. Alvarez

Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Department of Management Science, P.O. Box 131, Cheongryang, Seoul, Korea. Principal investigator: Dr. Kong-Kyun Ro

Baluchistan Integrated Programme Area Directorate, Baluchistan, Pakistan. Co-investigators: Farhat Sultana and Pamela Hunte

University of Lubumbashi, Zaire (Shaba Province). Principal investigator: Ngokwey Ndolamb

Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University, Salaya Campus, c/o Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Rama VI Road, Bangkok 4, Thailand. Principal investigator: Dr. Yongyout Kachonpadunkitti

Save the Children Fund, CPO Box 992, Kathmandu, Nepal. Principal investigator: Dr. Vijaya L. Shrestha

University of Ife, Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Principal investigator: Dr. Simi Afonja

University of Nairobi, Institute of African Studies, Nairobi, Kenya. Principal investigator: Dr. David O. Nyamwaya

Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute (CFNI), P.O. Box 140 Kingston 7, Jamaica. Principal investigator: Dr. Renee Dankerlin

Centre for Social Research and Chancellor College, University of Malawi, Box 278, Zomba, Malawi. Principal investigator: Dr. Christine Lamba

Society for Economic and Social Studies, B-1, Second Floor LSC, J Block, Saket, New Delhi 110 017, India. Principal investigator: Dr D. Raghunandan


Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA), Centro de Irivestigaciones en Ciencias Veterinarias, 1712 Castelar, Pcia. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Principal investigator: Dr. Eduardo L. Palma

Universidad Austral de Chile, Casilla 567—Valdivia, Chile. Principal investigators: Dr. Ximena Rojas, Dr. Hugo Folch

Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario (ICA), Laboratorio de Investigaciones Médicas Veterinarias (LIMV), Aptdo. Aéreo 29743, Bogotá, Colombia. Principal investigators: Dr. Olga C. Mariño J., Dr. Isaac Gallego M.

Empresa Colombiana de Productos Veterinarios S.A. (VECOL), Apartado Aereo 7476, Bogotá, Colombia. Principal investigator: Dr. Guillermo Gomez Jurado

Instituto Nacional de Higiene y Medicina Tropical "Leopoldo Izquieta Pérez," Av. de las Americas, Casilla 5584, Guayaquil, Ecuador. Principal investigator: Dr. Angel Zambrano

Instituto Nacional de Salud, Laboratorio Referencial de Salud Pública, Capac Yupanqui 1400, Apartado 451, Lima, Peru. Principal investigators: Dr. Maria Arrelucé de Santur, Dr. Alfredo Guillén Oneeglio

Instituto de Investigaciones Veterinarias, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Av. Las Delicias, Apartado 70, Maracay, Venezuela. Principal investigator: Dr. Verónica R. Lord

Research Institute for Animal Disease (RIAD), Jalan R. E. Martadinata 32, P.O. Box 52, Bogor, Indonesia. Principal investigator: Dr. Adin Priadi

Instituto de Salubridad y Enfermedades Tropicales, S.S.A. Prol. Carpio 470, Mexico DF, C.P. 11340. Principal investigator: Dr. Ahidé López

Co-operating scientists

Drs, Barry Stemshorn (Director), C.E. Rigby, M.M. Garcia, J. Cherwonogrodzky, K. Nielsen, P. Wright, Animal Diseases Research Institute, 801 Fallowfield Rd., P.O. Box 11300, Station "H." Nepean, Ontario, K2H 8P9 Canada.

Dr. A. G. Winter, Cornell University, New York State College of Veterinary Medicine, Ithaca, NY 15843, USA.

Dr. Joseph B. Hendricks, US Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, P.O. Box 218, Elgin, SC 29045, USA

Dr, D. T. Berman, University of Wisconsin, Department of Veterinary Science, 1655 Linden Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA

Dr. Godfrey Alton, New Friars, Mickley, Ripon HG4 3JE, UK

Dr. Philip Plackett, The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), Animal Health Research Laboratory, Private Bag No. 1, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia

Dr. J. F. Frank, Project Co-ordinator, J. F. Frank Associates Ltd., P.O. Box 291, Manotick, Ontario, KOA 2N0, Canada


Ministry of Finance and Planning, Sri Lanka. Principal investigator: Dr. Patricia Alailima

Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology, Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad, India. Principal investigator: Dr. B. Bowonder

Central Bank of Ceylon, Sri Lanka. Principal investigator; Dr. Gamini Abeyesekere

Dr. Tomas Uribe-Mosquera, 24 Peabody Terrace, Apt. 1003, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

Centro de Ecodesarrollo, a.c., Apdo. postal 11-440, Col. Hipodromo, C.P. 06100, Mexico, D.F., Mexico. Principal investigator: Lic. Blanca Suarez

Ministry of Plan Implementation, Sri Lanka. Principal investigator: Dr. Neville Edirisinghe

Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición, Vasco de Quiroga 15, Delegación Tlalpan, Mexico 14000, D.F. Principal investigator: Dr. Adolfo Chavez

Instituto Nacional de Investigación V Promoción Agropecuaria (INIPA)/Programa Nacional de Sistemas Agropecuarios Andinos (PNSAA), Guzman Blanco 306, Lima 13, Peru. Principal investigator: Mr. Jorge Recharte


Institute of Fundamental Studies, 380/72, Bauddhaloka Mawatha, Colombo 7, Sri Lanka. Principal investigator: Dr. S. A. Kulasooriya

Universiti Malaya, Department of Botany, Kuala Lumpur 22-11, Malaysia Principal investigator: Prof. T. C. Shen

Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Office of Rural Development, Suweon 170, Republic of Korea. Principal investigator: Dr. Sang Kyu Lee

Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, 141 Hsi Chih Men Wai Ta Chie, Beijing, People's Republic of China. Principal investigator: Dr. Jia-Ge Li

Chulalongkorn University, Phaya Thai Road, Bangkok 10500, Thailand. Principal investigator: Dr. Jariya Boonjawat

University of Hanoi, Department of Gentics, Hanoi, Viet Nam. Principal investigator: Dr. Duong Duc Tien

National institutes of Biotechnology and Applied Microbiology (BIOTECH) and Institute of Biological Sciences, University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Laguna 3720, Philippines. Principal investigator: Dr. Milagrosa R. Martinez

University of Ife, Faculty of Agriculture, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Principal investigator: Dr. Adewale Adebayo

Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA), Universidade de São Paulo, 13.400—Piracicaba, CX. Postal 96, São Paulo, Brazil. Principal investigator: Dr. Siu Mui Tsai Saito

National Institute of Genetics, Yata 1,111, Mishima, Shizuoka-ken, 411 Japan. Principal investigator: Dr. Y. Hirota

Co-operating scientists

Dr. J. Balandreau, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre de Pédologie Biologique, 17, rue Notre Dame des Pauvres, B.P. 5 - 54501 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy Cedex, France

Dr. l. Watanabe, International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), P.O. Box 933, Manila, Philippines

Dr. David Eskew, International Atomic Energy Agency, Wagramerstrasse 5, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna, Austria

Dr. James R. Milam, University of Florida, Department of Microbiology and Cell Science, 1059 McCarty Hail, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA

Dr. V. T. Emtsev, Timirjazev Agricultural Academy, Department of Microbiology, Timirjazevskaja, 50, corp. 9, 127550, Moscow, USSR

Dr. Peter Dart, Project Co-ordinator, Australian National University, Research School of Biological Sciences, P.O. Box 475, Canberra City, A.C.T. 2601, Australia


Food from Wood

Instituto Centroamericano de Investigación y Tecnologia Industrial (ICAITI), Avenida La Reforma 4-47, Zona 10, Guatemala. Principal investigator: Dr. Jose Francisco Calzada

Co-operating scientists

Dr. S. T. Chang, Department of Biology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin NT, Hong Kong

Dr. Robert P. Tengerdy, Department of Microbiology and Environmental Health, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA

Prof. K. H. Domsch, Director, Institut für Bodenbiologie, Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft, Braunschweig 3300, Bundesallee 50, Federal Republic of Germany

Fermented Fish

Korea University, Department of Food Technology, 1 Anam-dong, Sungbuk-ku, Seoul 132, Republic of Korea. Project Coordinator: Dr. Cherl-Ho Lee

Kasetsart University, Department of Product Development, Bangkok, Thailand 10900. Principal investigator: Dr. Narudom Boon- Long

National Aquatic Resources Agency, Crow Island, Mattakkuliya, Colombo 15, Sri Lanka. Principal investigator: Dr. S. K. Onil Perera

Scientific Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industry, Ministry of Light Industry, Dong Yi Jie, San Li Tun, Beijing, People's Republic of China. Principal investigator: Dr. Yin Zong Lun

Development Centre for Food Technology, 532, Merchant St., Rangoon, Burma. Principal investigator: Dr. Myo Thant Tyn

Solid-state Fermentation

Nutrition Research and Development Centre, Ministry of Health, Komplek Gizi Jalan Dr. Sumeru, Bogor, Indonesia. Contact: Dr. Darwin Karyadi, Director

Food Technology Development Center (FTDC), Bogor Agricultural University, Kampus IPB Darmaga P.O. Box 61, Bogor, Indonesia. Principal investigator: Dr. Budiatman Satiawiharja

Department of Food Technology and Human Nutrition, Bogor Agricultural University, IPB Kampus Darmaga, P.O. Box 122, Bogor, Indonesia. Principal investigator: Dr. Deddy Muchtadi

Co-operating scientists

Dr. Keith H. Steinkraus, Cornell University, Institute of Food Science, Geneva, NY 14456, USA

Dr. Kiyoaki Kato, National Food Research Institute, Tsukuba, Ibaraki-ken, 305 Japan

Dr. Robert Djurtoft, Technical University of Denmark, Building 224, Lyngby, DK 2800, Denmark

Dr. Ko Swan Djien, Department of Food Science, Agricultural University, De Dreijen 12, 6703 BC Wageningen, Netherlands

Alcohol and Acid Fermentations

University of Ibadan, Department of Botany, Ibadan, Nigeria. Principal investigator: Dr. S. A. Odunfa

Université Marien Ngouabi, Faculté des Sciences, B.P. 3029, Brazzaville, Congo. Principal investigator: Prof. Delphin Louembe

Université Nationale du Bénin, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, B.P. 526, Cotonou, Benin. Principal investigator: Dr. Nago Coffi Mathurin

Co-operating scientists

Dr. M. J. R. Nout, Agricultural University "Biotechnion," De Dreijen 12, 6703 BC Wageningen, Netherlands

Dr. R. D. Cooke, Tropical Development and Research institute, 5662 Gray's Inn Road, London WC1 X 8LU, UK


Executive Committee

Dr. Vernon Young, Chairman
Dr. Ricardo Bressani
Dr. Alex Campbell


Bldg. 20A-226, c/o Massachusetts Institute of Technology,

77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Dr. William Rand, Executive Secretary
Dr. John Klensin, Information Systems Specialist

Committee on Users and Needs
Chairman: Dr. Gaurth Hansen

Committee on Data Quality
Chairman: Dr. David Southgate

Committee on Terminology and Nomenclature
Chairman: Dr. Stewart Truswell

Committee on Information Systems
Chairman: Dr. John Klensin

Regional Liaison Groups

Co-ordinator: Dr. Aree Valyasevi, Institute of Nutrition,
Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Co-ordinator: Dr. Clive West, Department of Human Nutrition,
Agricultural University, Wageningen, Netherlands

Co-ordinator: Dr. Ricardo Bressani, Instituto de Nutrition de
Centro America y Panama (INCAP), Guatemala City, Guatemala

Co-ordinator: Dr. Flaminio Fidanza, Instituto di Scienza
Dell' Alimentazione, Universita degli Studi di Perugia,
Perugia, Italy

Co-ordinator: Dr. Alex Campbell, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Co-ordinator: Dr. Ake Bruce, Swedish National Food
Administration, Uppsala, Sweden

OCEANIAFOODS (for the Oceania region), AFRICAFOODS (for Africa south of the Sahara), and MENAFOODS (for the Middle East and North Africa) are being organized.


Dr. Nevin S. Scrimshaw, Director. Editor, Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Ms. Kumiko Ishikawa, Assistant Programme Officer
Mrs. Audrey Yuse, Senior Administrative Assistant
Ms. Akiko Hara, Senior Secretary Ms. Noriko Hasegawa, Secretary

Programme on Food, Nutrition, Biotechnology, and Poverty

Dr. Robert Kokke, Senior Programme Officer
Ms. Motoko Kuroda, Secretary
Ms. Karen Mitzner, Assistant Editor, Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Mr. Marcus Silvi, Secretary*
Mr. Mark Di Polito, Word Processor*
Ms. Rebecca Chamberlain, Fellowship Officer*

* Part-time in the Cambridge Office of the programme: E38-756, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. Tel. (617) 253-7617. Cable: MIT CAM. Telex: 92-1473 MIT CAM

Fellowship Unit

Dr. Abraham Besrat, Training and Fellowships Officer


The editors of the Food and Nutrition Bulletin welcome contributions of relevance to its concerns (see the statement of editorial policy on the inside of the back cover). Submission of an article does not guarantee publication—which depends on the judgement of the editors as to its relevance and quality.

Languages. Contributions may be in English, French, or Spanish. If French or Spanish is used, the author should submit an abstract in English if possible.

Format. Contributions should be typed, double- spaced, preferably on A4 (210 x 297 mm) or American letter-size (81/2 x 11 in.) paper with margins of at least 2.5-3 cm (1-11/4 in.) on each side. ( If larger paper must be used, the type area should be kept within the limits for A4 paper.)

Length. Ordinarily contributions should not exceed 4,000 words or an equivalent length in pages including figures, tables, and references.

Tables and figures. Any tables and figures should be on separate sheets of paper. Tables should use horizontal ruled lines only. Figures should be clearly and accurately drawn and clearly labelled.

Photographs. Ideally photographic material should be submitted in the form of black and white negatives or black and white glossy prints. Photographs will not be returned unless a specific request is made.

Units of measurement Preferably measurements should be expressed in metric units. If other units are used, their metric equivalents should be indicated.

References. References should be listed at the end of the article, also double-spaced. A reference to a book or other separately published work should include full indication of the name(s) of the author(s), title of the work, and publisher and place and year of publication. A reference to an article in a book should include the name(s) of the author(s) of the article, title of the article, editor(s) of the book and title of the book, publisher and place and year of publication, and the page numbers of the article. A reference to an article in a journal should include the author(s), title of the article, name of the journal, volume and issue number and date, and page numbers of the article. Unpublished material should not be listed in the references.

Identification. Contributors should give their full name and official affiliation. If the material in the article has been previously presented or is planned to be published elsewhere— in the same or modified form—a note should be included giving the details.

Manuscript copies. The contributor should keep a duplicate copy of the manuscript. Manuscripts which are not accepted for publication will not be returned.

Contributions should be addressed to:
The Editor
Food and Nutrition Bulletin The United Nations
University Cambridge Programme Office
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, E38-756
Cambridge, Mass. 02139, USA


La rédaction du Food and Nutrition Bulletin recherche des articles traitant de sujets correspondant à ses thèmes (voir à l'intérieure de la couverture de dos la politique éditoriale de cette revue), La remise d'un manuscrit ne signifie pas sa publication, qui dépend de l'opinion de la rédaction sur son intérêt et sa qualité.

Langues: Les manuscrits peuvent être rédigés en anglais, en français ou en espagnol, et dans ces deux derniers cas, l'auteur ajoutera, si possible, un résumé en anglais.

Format: Les manuscrits doivent être dactylographiés, en double interligne, de préférence sur du papier de format A4 (210 x 297 mm) avec des marges de 2,5 ou 3 cm de part et d'autre. (Si un papier plus grand doit être utilisé, on limitera la partie dactylographiée au format A4).

Longueur: Les manuscrits ne doivent pas, ordinairement, dépasser 4 000 mots, ou l'équivalent en nombre de pages s'il y a des figures, des tableaux et une bibliographie.

Tableaux et figures: Ils doivent être reportés sur des feuillets séparés. Les tableaux doivent être reproduits avec les partitions horizontales, mais non verticales. Les figures doivent être claires et précises, avec légendes explicites.

Photographies: En principe, les matériaux photographiques doivent étre remis sous forme de négatifs noir et blanc ou d'épreuves noir et blanc sur papier brillant. Sauf demande expresse les photographies ne seront pas renvoyées.

Unités de mesure: On utilisera de préférence le système métrique. Si d'autres systèmes sont utilisés, l'équivalent métrique doit être indiqué,

Bibliographie: Elle doit figurer à la fin du manuscrit, en double interligne, La référence à un ouvrage ou à tous travaux déjà publiés doit comprendre une indication complète du nom du ou des auteurs, du titre, de la maison d'édition et de l'année de publication. La référence à une communication figurant dans un ouvrage doit comprendre le nom du ou des auteurs, le titre, le responsable de la publication et le titre de celle-ci, la maison d'édition, l'année de publication et la pagination de la communication. Une référence à un article figurant dans un périodique doit indiquer l'auteur ou les auteurs, le titre de l'article, le nom du périodique, le volume et le numéro, la date et la pagination. Ne renfermez pas les références des manuscrits inédits.

Identification: Les auteurs doivent indiquer leur nom complet et leur fonction officielle. Si l'article a déjà été remis auparavant ou est retenu pour une autre publication—sous la même forme ou sous une forme modifiée—on l'indiquera de façon détaillée.

Copies du manuscrit: L'auteur doit conserver un double. Les manuscrits non publiés ne sont pas renvoyés.

Les auteurs s'adresseront à la rédaction du Food and Nutrition
Bulletin The United Nations University Cambridge Programme
Office Massachusetts Institute of Technology, E38-756
Cambridge, Mass. 02139, USA


Los editores del Food and Nutrition Bulletin agradecen el envío de contribuciones pertinentes al tema de la revista (vea la política editorial de esta revista en el interior de la tapa posterior). La presentación de un articulo no es garantía de su publicación, la cual dependerá del criterio de los editores en lo que respecta a su pertinencia y calidad.

Idioma. Las contribuciones podrán remitirse en los idiomas español, francés o inglés. En caso de utilizar español o francés, el autor deberá incluir, de ser posible, un resumen en inglés,

Formato. Las contribuciones deberán presentarse a doble espacio, mecanografiadas, preferiblemente en papeles A4 (210 x 297 mm), o tamaño carta estadounidense (81/2 x 11 pulgadas), con márgenes de por lo menos 2,5-3 cm (1-11/4 pulgadas) de cada lado. (S) se usa papel de mayor tamaño, la zona mecanografiada no deberá exceder los limites dei papel A4.)

Longitud. Las contribuciones ordinarias no deberán exceder las 4.000 palabras o su longitud equivalente en páginas, inclusive cuadros, cifras y referencias.

Cuadros y cifras. Todos los cuadros y cifras deberán presentarse en hojas de papel por separado. Los cuadros deberán presentarse en forma clara y precisa y con rotulado legible. Las cifras utilizarán únicamente líneas horizontales.

Fotografías. Preferentemente se utilizará material fotográfico remitido bajo la forma de negativos de color blanco y negro o impressos brillantes en blanco y negro. De no mediar un pedido especial, no se devolverán las fotograías.

Unidades de medida. Las medidas deberán expresarse preferentemente en unidades métricas. De utilizarse otras unidades, deberán indicarse sus equivalentes en el sistem métrico decimal.

Referencias. Al final del articulo deberán consignarse las referencias, también en doble espacio. La referencia a un libro u otra obra publicada por separado deberá incluir indicación completa del nombre o los nombres del autor o los autores, titulo del trabajo, editorial y lugar y fecha de publicación. La referencia a un articulo de un libro deberá comprender el nombre o los nombres del autor o los autores del articulo, el titulo del mismo, editores dei libro y titulo del mismo, editorial, lugar y fecha de publicación, y numeración de las páginas del articulo. La referencia a un articulo de una revista comprenderá nombres del autor o autores, titulo del articulo, nombre de la publicación, volumen y número y fecha, así como la numeración de las páginas del articulo. El material sin publicar no debe incluirse en las referencias.

Identificación. Los autores deberán consignar su nombre completo y la institución en que cumplen funciones. Si el material del articulo ha sido presentado previamente o se prevé su publicación en otra parte, en forma igual o modificada, se deberá agregar una nota con detalles sobre dicha publicación.

Copias manuscritas. El contribuyente deberá conservar una copia o duplicado del manuscrito. No se devolverán los manuscritos que no se acepten para publicación,

Las contribuciones deberán dirigirse a: The Editor Food and Nutrition Bulletin The United Nations University Cambridge Programme Office Massachusetts Institute of Technology, E38-756 Cambridge, Mass. 02139, USA


Recent UNU Publications on Food and Nutrition

Maternal Diet, Breast-feeding Capacity, and Lactational Infertility

The interrelations of maternal diet, lactation, and post-partum amenorrhoea are of major importance to maternal and child health, particularly in the Third World, affecting not only infant nutrition but also birth-spacing. This book recommends research in such areas as discrepancies between recommended dietary allowances during pregnancy and lactation and actual consumption levels, the response of a mother's capacity to produce milk where protein and energy deficiencies are limiting factors, and the range of breast-milk volumes produced by healthy, totally breast-feeding mothers and mothers with optimal management of their lactation.

WHTR-5/UNUP-338 ISBN 92-808-0338-7
107 pages, 16.5 x 23.5 cm, paper-bound. US$9

The Use of Organic Residues in Rural Communities

Six papers in this report, the second in the applied microbiology series, discuss the application of fermentation technology to carbohydrate substrates for the production of materials suitable for human consumption, and another six deal with residues of potential importance as animal feeds. Alternative biological energy sources are considered, as is biotechnology for rural communities. Separate discussions on biogas, cellulosic wastes, and carbohydrate and other residues are also included.

IPWN-2/UNUP-362 ISBN 92-808-0362-X
177 pages, 16.5 x 23.5 cm, paper-bound, US$9

Methods for the Evaluation of the Impact of Food and Nutrition Programmes.

The major themes of this book are the questions of what measurements and indicators should be used to assess the impact of food and nutrition programmes and how and under what conditions they should be selected and used. Emphasis is put on the importance of building internal evaluation procedures into every project from the planning stages onward, but realistic advice is also given on doing evaluations when inadequate data and financial restriction make rigorous procedures difficult.

WHTR-6/UNUP473 ISBN 92-808-0473-1
291 pages, 16.5 x 23.5 cm, paper-bound, US$25

Interfaces between Agriculture, Nutrition, and Food Science

This book aims at providing higher quality foods to improve people's nutritional status by developing strategies for more effective coordination between agricultural production and post-harvest technology and their impacts on human nutrition. It is the report of a workshop dealing specifically with South Asia but focuses on food grains and legumes that form the staple diet of about 800 million people throughout the semi-arid tropics.

WHTR-7/UNUP-478 ISBN 92-808-0478-2
408 pages, 16.5 x 23.5 cm, paper-bound, US$30

Protein-Energy Requirement Studies in Developing Countries: Results of International Research

This volume is the third report of research on the protein and energy needs of people in developing countries sponsored by the UNU in cooperation with FAO and WHO. It includes papers summarizing recent data from experimental studies in more than 15 countries, with a focus on the relevance of the research results to the general problem of estimating protein-energy requirements under conditions prevailing in developing countries.

WHTR-8/UNUP-481 ISBN 92-808-0481-2
369 pages, 16.5 x 23.5 cm, paper-bound, US$25


How to Order Publications

A complete list of UNU publications is available from the University. Publications may be ordered by writing: Publications Section, Academic Services, The United Nations University, Toho Seimei Building, 15-1 Shibuya 2-chome, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150, Japan.

Microform Publishing: All UNU publications can be obtained on microfiche.


Food and Nutrition Bulletin Subscription Form

 Please enter my subscription to the Food and Nutrition Bulletin 1987, Volume 9

 Please register my standing order to the Food and Nutrition Bulletin from Volume 9 onwards

 Please send me the following back volumes:

Vol.1 ž Vol.2 ž Vol.3 ž Vol.4 ž

Vol.5 ž Vol.6 ž Vol.7 ž Vol.8 

Price: US$30 per volume (including postage)

US$40 per volume (airmail)

Payment enclosed:

Individuals are requested to enclose payments with their orders. Prices quoted are subject to change without notice. Payments can be made in US dollars, Japanese yen, or Unesco coupons.

Send to: Publications Section, United Nations University, Toho Seimei Building,
151, Shibuya 2-chome, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150, Japan.



The Food and Nutrition Bulletin is intended to make available policy analyses, state-of-the-art summaries, and original scientific articles relating to multidisciplinary efforts to alleviate the problems of hunger and malnutrition in the developing world. It is not intended for the publication of scientific articles of principal interest only to individuals in a single discipline or within a single country or region. Notices of relevant books and other publications will be published if they are received for review. The Bulletin is also a vehicle for notices of forthcoming international meetings that satisfy the above criteria and for summaries of such meetings.

The food and Nutrition Bulletin, successor to the PAG Bulletin of the former Protein-Calorie Advisory Group of the United Nations System, also serves as the principal outlet for the publication of reports of working groups and other activities of the UN ACC Subcommittee on Nutrition (SCN) and its Advisory Group on Nutrition. The SCN itself is a focal point for co-ordinating activities of FAO, WHO, UNICEF, the UNU, Unesco, the World Bank, the World Food Programme, the World Food Council, the United Nations Environment Programme, and other United Nations bodies with an interest in food and nutrition

Unsolicited manuscripts of articles of the type published in this and previous issues may be sent to the Cambridge office of the Bulletin (See "Note for Contributors" elsewhere in this issue); they must be typed, double-spaced, with complete references, and must include original figures. All articles submitted will be reviewed promptly and the author will be notified of the editorial decision. Any disciplinary or conceptual approach relevant to problems of would hunger and malnutrition is welcomed, and controversy over some of the articles is anticipated. Letters to the editor are encouraged and will be printed if judged to have an adequate basis and to be of sufficient general interest,

It is expressly understood that articles published in the Bulletin do not necessarily represent the views of the United Nations University or of any United Nations organization. The views expressed and the accuracy of the information on which they are based are the responsibility of the authors. Some articles in the Bulletin are reports of various international committees and working groups and do represent the consensus of the individuals involved; whether or not they also represent the opinions or policies of the sponsoring organizations is expressly stated.

The United Nations University is an organ of the United Nations established by the General Assembly in 1972 to be an international community of scholars engaged in research, advanced training, and the dissemination of knowledge related to the pressing global problems of human survival, development, and welfare. Its activities focus mainly on peace and conflict resolution, development in a changing world, and science and technology in relation to human welfare. The University operates through a world-wide network of research and postgraduate training centres, with its planning and co-ordinating headquarters in Tokyo, Japan.

Contents - Previous