Clean water is essential to human survival, yet it is increasingly scarce. Despite pressures on this crucial resource, people often have little or no opportunity to participate in watershed decisions that affect them, particularly when they live along international watercourses. The United Nations has identified the rising demand for water as one of four major factors that will threaten human and ecological health for at least a generation.
Over the coming decade, governments throughout the world will struggle to manage water in ways that are efficient, equitable, and environmentally sound. Whether these efforts succeed may turn, in large part, on providing the public with a voice in watershed management decisions that directly affect them. Public involvement holds the promise of improving the management of international watercourses and reducing the potential for conflict over water issues.
This volume examines the experiences in many watercourses around the world, lessons learned, and areas for further development. Drawing upon papers presented at a symposium on Improving Public Participation and Governance in International Watershed ManagementEco-sponsored by the Environmental Law Institute, United Nations University, and other institutions, the chapters identify some of the considerations Elinguistic, political, legal, traditional and cultural, geographic, and institutional Ethat should be considered when extending and adapting the approaches to other watersheds.
Carl Bruch is a Senior Attorney of the Environmental Law Institute in Washington, D.C.
Libor Jansky is a Senior Academic Programme Officer in the Environment and Sustainable Development Programme at the United Nations University, Tokyo. Mikiyasu Nakayama is a
Professor of the Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo.
Kazimierz A. Salewicz is a Systems Analyst specializing in Decision Support System and
water resources management in international river basins. He lives and works in Vienna.
ContentsFrom Theory to Practice: An Overview of Approaches for Involving the Public in International
Watershed Management Part I: Theoretical Frameworks o Evolution of Public Involvement
in International Watercourse Management Transboundary Ecosystem Governance: Beyond
Sovereignty? Implications of the Information Society on Participatory Governance Part II:
Experiences from International Watersheds Public Participation in the Management of the
Danube River - Necessary but Neglected Citizens Working across National Borders: The
Experience in the Northern American Great Lakes Public Participation in Watershed
Management in Theory and Practice: A Mekong River Basin Perspective Public Participation
in Southern African Watercourses Public Involvement in Water Resource Management Within
the Okavango River Basin Part III: International Institutions Access to Information, Public
Participation, and Conflict Resolution at the World Bank Improving Governance and Public
Participation in International Watercourse Management: Experience of the African Development
Bank in the Senegal River Basin A North American Toolbox for Public Involvement in
International Watershed Issues Part IV: Lessons from Domestic Watercourses Improving
Sustainable Management of Kenyan Fisheries Resources through Public Participation Public
Participation in a Multijurisdictional Resource Recovery: Lessons from the Chesapeake Bay
Program Chesapeake Bay Protection: Business in the Open A Cooperative Process for PCB
TMDL Development in the Delaware Estuary Public Participation in the Resettlement Process
of Dam Construction Projects: A Post-Project Survey of Saguling and Cirata Dams in Indonesia
Part V: Emerging Tools Internet-Based Tools for Disseminating Information and Promoting
Public Participation in International Watercourse Management Capabilities and Limitations of
Decision Support Systems in Facilitating Access to Information Sketches from Life: Adaptive
Ecosystem Management and Public Learning The Colorado River through the Grand Canyon
Public Participation in the Development of Guidelines for Regional Environmental Impact
Assessment (EIA) of Transboundary Aquatic Ecosystems of East Africa Access to Justice
through the Central American Water Tribunal Conclusion
ContributorsCarl Bruch Libor Jansky Mikiyasu Nakayama Kazimierz A. Salewicz Angela Z. Cassar Bradley C. Karkkainen Hans van Ginkel Ruth Greenspan Bell John Jackson Prachoom Chomchai Michael Kidd Nevil Quinn Peter Ashton Marian Neal Charles E. Di Leva
Aboubacar Fall Geoffrey Garver Nancy Gitonga Roy A. Hoagland Rebecca Hanmer Tomlinson Fort III John M. Volkman Mary Orton George Michael Sikoyo Juan Miguel Picolotti Kristin L. Crane