Headwaters are the source of freshwater resources, the margins of drainage basins, and the first and zero order basins that surround every catchment. The challenge is to define appropriate, self-sustainable, management strategies and structures for these lands which meet the needs of the headwater habitat, including its human inhabitants, and the needs of habitats downstream.
The contributors to this book strive to anticipate emerging and future problems; to discover integrated solutions to the problems already caused by land degradation, natural hazards and development processes; and to help develop better land management, environmental protection and landscape regeneration practices and policies. They also address the many challenges that remain: the concern for effective sharing of local experience in science and technology; community participation; the role of education; effectiveness and limits of current technology; the selection of appropriate policies and goals; modes of effective management; and the sustainability of current activities.
Sustainable Management of Headwater Resources provides an understanding of current and prior situations and provides scientific analyses of local and regional headwater issues in India and Africa. The authors analyse the current situation through field experiments that provide reliable information on the status of headwater resources in these regions.
This book originates from the conference on Sustainable Management of Headwater Resources at the 5th International Conference on Headwaters in Nairobi, Kenya.
Libor Jansky is a Professor of Land Management and Conservation conferred by Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry, Brno, Czech Republic, and a Senior Academic Programme Officer in the Environment and Sustainable Development Programme of the United Nations University, Tokyo, Japan. Martin J. Haigh is a Professor of Geography at Oxford Brookes University, England, a founding Director of the International Association for Headwater Control, Vice President for Europe of the World Association of Soil and Water Conservation and Co-Editor of the Journal of Geography in Higher Education. Haushila Prasad is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Geography, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya.
ContentsIntroduction Headwater Control and the Contexts of the Nairobi Headwater Declaration for the International Year of Freshwaters 2003 Part I: Studies on Sustainable Management of Head
Waters in India and Africa Issues and Strategies for the Sustainable Rangeland Management in the Headwaters of the Garhwal Himalaya The Role of Sustainable Wetland Use in Maintaining River Flow Experiences from the Headwaters of the Nile in Ethiopia and Rwanda The Sustainable Management of Headwater Wetlands The Role of Indigenous Knowledge in Southwest Ethiopia Sustainable Management of Headwater Resources-Interface Drainage Analysis of a Water Divide Part II: Environmental Impact Assessment in the Head Water Regions of India and Africa Environmental Changes and Status of Water Resources in Kumaon Himalaya Factors Regulating Fresh Water Quality in the Himalayan River System Modern Lake Level Rise and Accelerated Fluvio-lacustrine Sedimentation of Lake Abaya, South Ethiopia Land Use Changes and Hydrological Responses in the Lake Nakuru Basin Hazard-Risk Assessment in Mount Kenya Headwater An Analysis of Accessibility to Rural Domestic Water Supply A Case Study of Kakamega District, Kenya Part III: Climate Change and Catchment Modelling; Studies from the Headwater Regions of Kenya Methodology for Evaluating the Regional Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources Flood Hydrograph Generation from Small
Catchments in Kenya Digital Image Analysis and GIS Database Design of Lake Bogoria Area, Kenya Three-dimensional Modeling for Slope Evaluation A Catchment Model of Runoff and
Contributors Martin Haigh Libor Jansky H. Prasad Govind S. Rajwar Adrian P Wood Alan B. Dixon R.Y. Singh P. C. Tiwari Bhagwati Joshi V. Subramanian Brigitta Schutt Stefan Thiemann S.K Murimi Alfred Opere C.A. Shisanya, Z.A Kwena, J. M. Gathenya J.O. Onyando, M.C. Chemelil, Simon Mang’erere Onywere Joy Apiyo Obando