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From a Culture of Impunity to a Culture of Accountability


DAY ONE: 26 November 2001
08.30 - 09.30 Registration
09.30 Opening ceremony

Welcome remarks:
J. Veldhuis, President of Utrecht University
Hans van Ginkel, Rector of UNU
Cees Flinterman, Director of SIM

09.50 Keynote address

Justice and accountability: local or international?
President Martti Ahtisaari

Session I:   The establishment of the ICTY, the ICTR and the ICC: a historical perspective


10.30 The changing political and human rights context and contemporary conflict
Paul G. Lauren, Professor of History, University of Montana, USA
11.00 - 11.30 Coffee break
11.30 The legacy of Nuremberg
Michael Biddiss, Professor of History, University of Reading, UK
12.00 Discussion
12.40 - 14.10 Lunch
Session II:   The legal basis and jurisdiction of the international war tribunals and the ICC: genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity


14.20 Violations of international humanitarian law and threats to international peace and security
George J. Andreopoulos, Professor of Political Science, City University of New York
14.50 The Statute of Rome: The development of humanitarian law and links to national courts
Madeline H. Morris, Professor of Law, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina USA
15.20 - 15.50 Coffee break
15.50 The individual within international law: towards a culture of individual responsibility
M. Cherif Bassiouni, Professor of Law and President of the International Human Rights Law Institute, DePaul University
16.20 - 17.20 Discussion
DAY TWO: 27 November 2001
Session III:   The position of the victim: Aspects of protection and compensation


09.30 The tribunals and the ICC and the right of reparation: non-accountability of states and companies
Andrew Clapham
10.00 Gender related crimes: rape, sexual slavery and sterilisation
Christine Chinkin, Professor in International Law, London School of Economics
10.30 - 11.00 Coffee break
11.00 Child Soldiers
Julia Maxted, Institute for Security Studies
11.30 - 12.30 Discussion
12.30 - 14.00 Lunch
Session IV:   Rules of procedure and evidence: The right of the defendant


14.10 Admissibility of evidence
14.40 Protective measures for victims and witnesses versus the rights of the defendant
William A. Schabas, Professor in Human Rights Law and director of the Irish Institute of Human Rights, National University of Ireland
15.10 - 15.40 Coffee break
15.40 The position of NGOs in gathering evidence and giving witness
Helen Durham, International Humanitarian Law Manager, Australian Red Cross
16.10 - 17.10 Discussion
DAY THREE: 28 November 2001
Session V:   An end to impunity? National sovereignty versus international jurisdiction


09.30 The politics of enforcement: the tension between justice/enforcement and peace/stability
Geoffrey Robertson, Head of Doughty Street Chambers and Visiting Professor in Human Rights Law at Birkbeck College
10.00 National perspectives and reservations
10.30 - 11.00 Coffee break
11.00 Power, leadership and compliance: the US
David Forsythe, Professor of Political Science, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
11.30 - 12.30 Discussion
12.30 - 14.00 Lunch
Session VI:   Alternatives and conclusions


14.10 Comparison with other methods of dealing with the past: truth commissions and national courts Priscilla Hayner (Provisional)
14.40 Role of international criminal/humanitarian law in conflict settlement and reconciliation
Kingsley Moghalu, International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
15.10 - 15.40 Coffee break
15.40 The ICC: Obstacle or contribution towards an effective system of human rights protection?
Cees Flinterman, Professor in Law, director Netherlands Institute of Human Rights
16.10 - 17.10 Concluding reflections and discussion
Andres van Agt, former Prime Minister and Minister of Justice of the Netherlands
Ramesh Thakur, Vice Rector, United Nations University