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The INTERACT project, funded by UNU, Norwegian Government and Canadian Government, is intended to stop the practice of using children in war by conducting an extensive survey of the problem of child soldiers in Africa. A special emphasis is placed on girl combatants and their reintegration into society after the conflicts. This is a multi-disciplinary research that synthesizes materials and literature from diverse academic disciplines, as well as from practitioners and policy makers. In order to understand how and why the phenomenon of child soldiers takes specific characteristics in one context and not in another the studies are to be carried out in different countries, within different regions with a view of developing an integrated comparative analysis between different conflict situations. The project outputs, that will be widely disseminated, will include policy-oriented papers and reports, academic articles and books, an interactive website, a photographic book and exhibitions (art and photo). These outcomes will compliment the efforts of a number of actors already providing assistance to children affected by armed conflict: UN agencies, such as SRSGCAC, UNICEF, UNHCR, and WHO; international and local NGOs; national governments; and civil societies.