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  May 1999    

New from UNU Press
Model, Myth, or Miracle?: Reassessing the Role of Governments in the East Asian Experience
By Beatrice Weder
UNU Press; ISBN 92-808-1030-8; 176 pages; US$9.95, paper

Was the East Asian economic miracle of the 1980s and early 1990s a myth? Were the national development strategies once hailed as exemplary models of cooperation between the private and public sectors actually insidious examples of "crony capitalism" and government mismanagement?

"No," says economist Beatrice Weder in this insightful reassessment of the "East Asian Experience." She argues that the recent financial crisis does not invalidate the reality of the region's previous economic development miracle and concomitant reduction in poverty and improvement of living conditions.

Weder presents an analytical overview of the role that regional governments played in promoting growth and of the institutional framework within which the private sector was able to develop. She offers solid data and empirical measures of government performance to clarify the lessons that can be learned from both the economic miracle and subsequent financial crisis.

In the book's final chapter, Weder looks particularly at the causes and consequences of corruption, and concludes there is no evidence to support the contention that corruption was the cause the East Asian financial crisis.

International Security Management and the United Nations
Edited by Muthiah Alagappa and Takashi Inoguchi
UNU Press; ISBN 92-808-1001-4; 504 pages; US$34.95

Is the proper role of the United Nations in helping to maintain global security that of "peace builder," limited to supporting the efforts of regional organizations, or "peace enforcer," intervening directly in a conflict? This book, edited by Muthiah Alagappa and Takashi Inoguchi, presents 21 papers that explore a broad range of issues relating to the security management expectations of UN Member States and the UN's unique normative and operational capacities.

The editors synthesize the issues by concluding that a dual focus on both building and enforcing peace is needed. They suggest that the UN can be most effective by delegating responsibilities to regional alliances, NGOs, and development organizations since these bodies are more sensitive to local cultural nuances and have a vested interest in maintaining or restoring regional stability.

United Nations Peace-keeping Operations: A Guide to Japanese Policies Edited by L. William Heinrich, Jr., Akiho Shibata, and Yoshihide Soeya
UNU Press; ISBN 92-808-1003-0; 156 pages; US$9.95

This volume, edited by L. William Heinrich, Jr., Akiho Shibata, and Yoshihide Soeya, is the second in a series of "national guides" analysing individual states' visions of and participation (or non-participation) in UN peace-keeping operations (PKOs). Japan, otherwise among the UN's most enthusiastic supporters, has only recently and reluctantly become a PKO participant. The domestically contentious issue of whether and how Japan should cooperate in collective security efforts goes to the heart of Japan's "no war" constitution.

Part one of this book offers a historical perspective of the national policy debates and analyses the related decision-making process. Part two examines the legal aspects of Japanese policy, particularly the Peace-keeping Law, and considers relevant financial and budgetary factors. Part three discusses the military role played by the Self-Defense Forces in four recent UN peace operations and the civilian component of Japanese PKO assistance.

The Democratic Process and the Market: Challenges of the Transition
By Mihály Simai
UNU Press; ISBN 92-808-1026X; forthcoming, August 1999

This decade's swift transformation from socialism to democratic market economies in Eastern and Central Europe was not part of an organic process of development. Rather, the transition grew from a "socio-political implosion" triggered by dissolution of the Soviet Union and the subsequent collapse of national socialist regimes.

Part one of this book, edited by Hungarian economics professor Mihály Simai, deals with general problems of systemic change as evidenced in Eastern and Central Europe and provides an overview of the interrelations between political change and economic transformation.

Japanese editions of two UNU Press publications have been published: Who's Hungry? And How Do We Know? (Dare-ga ueteiruka - Kiga-wa naze, doshite okorunoka?, UNU Press/Seiryu Shuppan Co., Ltd.; ISBN4-916028-55-4; 302 pages; Y2,200) and Volunteers Against Conflict (Heiwa-no tsukurikata - Funso chitai-no kokuren volunteer, UNU Press/Seiryu Shuppan Co., Ltd.; ISBN4-916028-49-X; 366 pages; Y2,200).
Part two presents seven case-studies by eminent specialists, many from the countries under discussion. These case-studies cover specific problems that countries like Hungary, Poland, and Croatia have had to overcome in the process of building democratic market economies. They also delineate the unprecedented challenges that recent events have posed both for the states in transition and for the international community.

The Democratic Process and the Market is a valuable contribution to the global dialogue on democracy in transition.

Global Financial Turmoil and Reform: A United Nations Perspective
Edited by Barry Herman
UNU Press; ISBN 92-808-1032-4; 486 pages; US$24.95

The Asian financial and economic crisis that began in July 1997 triggered intense debate within the international community about how national capacities for coping with international financial volatility could be strengthened, and what types of institutional mechanisms might reduce the risks posed by globalization of financial markets.

In July 1998, the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) gathered UN economists and experts from other international organizations, the private sector, and academia to discuss these issues and the broad economic and political implications of the financial crisis.

The UNU Press currently has over 200 titles in print, covering many subjects including a variety of vital issues in the fields of the environment and sustainable resource development, peace and governance, economic and social development, and regional studies. Inquiries about books or requests for the current UNU Press Publications Catalogue should be addressed to the Marketing and Sales Unit (fax: +81-3-3406-7345; e-mail

The full text of more than 60 UNU Press books can be found online free at unupbooks/unupbks.html.

Issues of the Food and Nutrition Bulletin from 1978 through 1996 are available online at

This book presents revised and updated versions of papers presented at that meeting as well as comments of the discussants. It thus serves to document the process of policy reflection, analysis, and prescription that laid the groundwork for the proposal and recommendations later submitted to the UN General Assembly by the Secretary-General.

Region-specific discussions focusing on Asia, Latin America, and Africa are followed by sections on "Economies in Transition," "Direct Investment," and "Financial Markets."

This book, edited by Barry Herman of the UN DESA, offers timely expert information and policy insights on critical global issues.

Keeping the heat down in Kyoto Contents Towards a greener UN in the 21st Century